Charles V Profile - Henry VIII,the Reign
In its year history since William I claimed the English throne, succession has been . Henry VIII. On the day of Henry VIII's death, 28 January , the line of succession was governed by the Third Succession Act: . After Cromwell's death, the monarchy was restored in under Charles I's eldest son, Charles II . Anne Boleyn was the second wife of Henry VIII and the mother of Elizabeth I. Henry's However this relationship was cut short by Cardinal Thomas Wolsey. to go against the will of Catherine's nephew Charles V, The Holy Roman Emperor. However, the Duke is a descendant of Henry VII, who was Henry VIII's father. George VI (great grandfather); Elizabeth II (grandmother); Prince Charles (father) .
The English reformation had begun. This act also brought him much needed wealth through the dissolution of the well-funded monasteries. Over four years Cromwell ordered that monasteries be disbanded and their lands and treasures taken for the crown. The cultural and social impact was significant, as much of the land was sold to the gentry and churches and monasteries were gutted and destroyed. Henry's personal religious beliefs remained Catholic, despite the growing number of people at court and in the nation who had adopted Protestantism.
Henry had grown tired of her, and after two further pregnancies ended in miscarriages, she was arrested in on trumped up charges of adultery and publicly beheaded at the Tower of London.
Henry's third marriage, this time to lady-in-waiting, Jane Seymour, finally produced the son he so desperately desired with the birth of Edward in Jane Seymour died after childbirth and Henry ordered that she be granted a queen's funeral. In an attempt to establish ties with the German Protestant alliance, Thomas Cromwell arranged a marriage between the king and German princess Anne of Cleves.
The marriage was a disaster and Henry divorced Anne a few months later. Henry blamed Cromwell for this mismatch and soon afterwards had him executed for treason.
Henry continued with fruitless and expensive campaigns against Scotland and France. Inthe aging King married the teenage Catherine Howard. Their marriage was short lived.
BBC History - Anne Boleyn
It was alleged that she had a previous relationship with Henry's courtier Francis Dereham and an affair with another courtier Thomas Culpeper. Catherine was executed for adultery and treason in Henry's final marriage to Catherine Parr, who acted like a nurse, was more harmonious and she would go on to outlive him. He was buried next to Jane Seymour in St. Love between Charles and the young Dowager Queen Mary had existed before her marriage, and King Francis I roundly charged him with an intention to marry her.
King Francis, perhaps in the hope of his wife Queen Claude 's death, had himself been one of Mary's suitors in the first week of her widowhood, in which Mary had asserted that she had given him her confidence in order to avoid his overtures. King Francis I and King Henry VIII both professed a friendly attitude towards the marriage of the lovers, but Charles had many political enemies, and Mary feared that she might again be sacrificed for political considerations.Charles V meets Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon (Carlos, rey emperador)
The King's Council, not wishing to see Charles Brandon gain further power at court, were opposed to the match. The truth was that King Henry was anxious to obtain from King Francis the gold plate and jewels which had been given or promised to his sister Mary by King Louis XII as well as the reimbursement of the expenses of her marriage with King Louis; and he practically made his acceptance in Charles's suit dependent on Charles obtaining them. Once in France though, Charles was persuaded by Mary to abandon this pledge.
The couple wed in secret at the Hotel de Clugny on 3 March in the presence of just 10 people, among whom was King Francis I. Technically, this was treason as Charles Brandon had married a royal princess without King Henry's consent. He was only saved from King Henry's anger by Wolsey and from the affection that the King had for both his sister and for him. Nonetheless, the fine was later reduced by the King. The Duke of Suffolk had been already twice married, to Margaret Neville the widow of John Mortimer and to Anne Browne, to whom he had been betrothed before his marriage with Margaret Neville.
Anne Browne died inbut Margaret Neville, from whom he had obtained a declaration of nullity on the ground of consanguinitywas still living. Princess Mary Tudor died on 25 Juneand in September of the same year, Charles married his ward, the year-old Catherine Willoughby —suo jure Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. Catherine had been betrothed to his eldest surviving son, Henry, Earl of Lincolnbut the boy was too young to marry.
- History of the English line of succession
- How Is Queen Elizabeth II Related to Queen Elizabeth I?
- Anne Boleyn
Not desiring to risk losing Catherine's lands, Charles married her himself in the end. However, they eventually died of the sweating sickness within an hour of each other.