Mar 28, Let us look at the two-way causation and, thereby, the relationship between religion and development. First, how does a nation's economic and. giving attention to the role of religion in development, marking a new type of relationship between the European Union and Africa. The need to rethink some. The present article argues in favour of giving attention to the role of religion in development, marking a new type of relationship between the European Union.
Just look at the role church-goers played in the successful Jubilee debt relief campaign, itself a biblical concept. Campaigners are trying to understand better the deep frames that determine how we see the world.
- Relationship between Development and Religion
Religion plays a vital role in creating those basic frames and values. More on gender, faith and development in this new Oxfam book.
i. Relationships between religious values and development concepts and practices
So much for theory, how about some examples? The request came in to a small grant scheme for infrastructure, aimed at helping communities recover their normal routines as quickly as possible. While most requests were for furniture, building materials etc, one community asked for money to buy materials to rebuild its flattened mosque the community had to contribute labour in return. According to El Tayeb Musa, the Oxfam staffer overseeing the fund for us in Java at the time, we supported it partly because the mosque was also used for community meetings.
The money was duly handed over, the mosque rebuilt, and the community in question was one of the success stories in a badly hit area, rapidly recovering both in terms of rebuilding its infrastructure, but also social cohesion and healing after the psychological trauma of the earthquake. The mosque was at the centre of the rebuilding effort.
In the comments on the original post, Caroline Sweetman pointed to an example from Ethiopia, where she was asked if Oxfam would fund new sharp knives to make female genital mutilation less risky. A no brainer perhaps, but why do I feel much more sympathetic to a hypothetical request for prayer mats than to one for bibles? Still wrestling with that one. Meanwhile, the blatant exhibition of certain religious markers, over others, can only add to a sense of exclusion to communities.
This not only creates wounds spiritually, but adds to feelings of animosity as well, impacting those communities psychologically. It is often argued that as a result of such triggers, minority communities may turn towards mechanisms of solace, such as religion. In fact, regardless of specific religious tradition, religious faith forms an important identity marker for many among the poor and marginalised in the developing world Sen, However, this hardly means that of this number, many who practice religion will take on a hard-line approach.
Religion and Development: what are the links? Why should we care?
Perhaps to some, pointing out why development practices should be both inclusive and not focus solely on economic development is easy enough. However, history has always shown cases where exclusion has been promoted in certain societies, if not by the State, by influential parties, particularly in South Asia.
Pakistan, for instance, since its inception has exuded a dynamic interplay of a various strategic agendas among political actors and different interest groups. Appearing to lend morality, political conservatism, and further an evolving national ethos, Islam has since enabled the ruling elite to advocate their ideas through a state-wide ideology and identity which straddles political, social and economic development, while giving the military legitimacy, and marginalising mainstream political parties and minority communities.
Religion and Development: what are the links? Why should we care? - From Poverty to Power
It remains important to question who the development is for, and by whom it is being carried out. To think that development, and even solely economic development, stands alone from political and social factors would be an error.
In areas such as South Asia, where religion and nationalism become strongly entwined, social unrest has been equally instigated by majority communities, in response to moves which would have seemingly encouraged inclusivity.