Anxiety and Arousal
Because of task differences, the shape of the curve can be highly variable depending the relationship between arousal and performance becomes inverse, with skill level, personality, trait anxiety, and task complexity (as discussed above). It shows the relationship between pressure (or arousal) and performance. Inverted-U The left hand side of the graph shows the situation where people are under-challenged. Here Think of trait anxiety as the level of a person's "self -talk. I choked. It was just a middle-school tennis match against a manifestly worse player, but I became overwhelmed with anxiety. Before we'd.
Yerkes–Dodson law - Wikipedia
Commonsense suggests if we encounter a challenge that we estimate outweighs our skills or coping resourceswe will most likely experience some anxiety. Moreover, the greater the discrepancy between our estimated skills, and our perception of the difficulty of the challenge, the more likely we will experience anxiety that interferes with our performance.
Keep in mind, our estimation of our skills, and our perceptions about the difficulty of the challenge, may not be accurate. In fact, as we will discuss this more in the Theory and Therapy Section. These inaccurate appraisals of the gap between our coping resources, and the difficulty of the challenge, must often be corrected in order to reduce anxiety. So, the greater the gap between our estimated abilities and our perception of the task's difficulty, the more likely anxiety will negatively affect our performance.
However, this does not mean that all anxiety is bad. Indeed, anxiety researchers often cite the "Inverted U" curve to illustrate the positive and negative relationship between anxiety and performance. The "inverted U" refers to the shape of a line on a graph when we measure and plot the relationship between anxiety and performance: As anxiety increases along the X axis, so does performance along the Y axis, up to a certain point imagine the top of the hill on an upside-down U at which point as anxiety continues to increase along the X axis, our performance declines along the Y axis.
It turns out we actually perform better when we experience a little anxiety. This is especially true in sports and similar performance situations.
Understanding Academic Anxiety
Low to moderate levels of anxiety, over a short period of time, heighten our arousal in a beneficial way. This arousal makes us more alert and tasked-focused.
It also serves to motivate us to rise to the challenge at hand. This increased arousal is due in part to the release of chemicals in the body such as adrenaline and noradrenalin.
- Yerkes–Dodson law
- Anxiety vs Performance: How to maintain a balance
- Anxiety And Arousal
However, beyond a certain point, too much anxiety over a longer period of time actually begins to interfere with our performance. The study indicated that performance increases with physiological or mental arousal, but only to some extent.
Anxiety vs Performance: How to maintain a balance - SAFETY4SEA
The process is often illustrated graphically as in the graphic below; a curve increases and then decreases with higher levels of arousal. The Yerkes—Dodson Law can be decomposed into two distinct factors; the upward part could be the energizing effect of arousal. The downward part is caused by negative effects of arousal or stress on cognitive processes like attention, memory, and problem-solving. Research suggests that our stress response system is strengthened through practice; just like exercising a muscle, we need to get the balance right to prevent fatigue or injury.
Like any habit, anxiety is possible to unlearn and learn a new way of responding.
The Correlation Between Stress and Performance
Believe you can change: According to Carol Dweck, Professor of Psychology at Stanford University, there are two mindset categories; the growth mindset and the fixed mindset that group people based on their behavior and particularly their reaction to failure.
Those with a "fixed mindset": Those with a "growth mindset": Working at sea may be challenging enough, however rather than getting stressed, take control over your emotions. Change your thoughts and you change your world. Bad breathing restricts blood flow to the brain. Right breathing exercises are of utmost importance when it comes to anxiety though; it is the key to relaxation.