Arousal & Performance
Arousal theory explains why people seek thrilling activities. will improve performance, but only up until the optimum arousal level is reached. Yerkes- Dodson law suggests a relationship between arousal and performance. What's the optimum level of arousal for physical performance and Several theories highlight the connection between arousal and sports performance: theory explains the link between anxiety, arousal, and performance. Explain the relationship between arousal and performance. Identify the concept[s ] and discuss why athletes in different sports and at differnt skill levels would.
Habituation - this occurs when the sensory stimulation is constant and unchanging such as at high level in the cruise, or during a night shift in ATC with low density traffic.
Arousal and Performance
Our sensitivity to input becomes much reduced. Lacuna of Indecision - a peculiar situation that can arise following a period of intense stress, arousal and activity, after which we effectively go into a "shut-down" condition and are unable to motivate ourselves to make any decisions or take any action.
Perhaps the most tragic example of this is a fatal accident at Riyadh in . Some stressor s are required to rouse us from a low level of arousal into the optimum zone.
Such stress is often referred to as eustress — or, good stress. Eustress is less a description of the situation and stressors present, but refers more to the motivational aspect of stress and an ability to change our perception of the situation from one of disinterest at one end of the scale and from one of fear at the other to interest and engagement.
Arousal and Performance - Sportlyzer Academy
It is a positive cognitive response to stress that is healthy, or gives one a feeling of positive fulfilment . It is in this portion of the curve that we are more likely to perform effectively, making fewer errors, better decisions and reacting quickly to changes. When arousal is too high, perhaps due to overload, then once again we start to make more errors, find it harder to be decisive and take longer to react if at all.
One characteristic of over-arousal is our tendency to narrow attention and focus, such that other information is ignored or just not sensed. It is not always the most critical element that we dedicate full attention to either, as we become incapable of assessing risk and allocating priorities.
We may sub-consciously put full attention only onto a task that we know we can achieve easily! Ultimately we can breakdown and fail to function all together. This theory is still being researched. Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning — The optimum level of arousal that an athlete requires to perform his best depends on his individual needs.
Each individual will react differently to anxiety and arousal. Inverted U Hypothesis — Too much or too little arousal and anxiety will cause poor performance.
A medium amount of anxiety and arousal will result in optimum performance. The relationship between these two factors is influenced by activity type, level of expertise, and personality types.
For example, introverted people are more likely to perform well under low arousal conditions.
Each of these theories has its own strengths and weaknesses. Most experts seem to agree that when anxiety becomes severe, performance declines even if your keep arousal at optimal levels.
The most widely use approach to the relationship between anxiety, stress, and physical performance is the inverted-U hypothesis, which claims that these factors are interrelated.
However, many health experts claim that these theories are oversimplifying the relationship between performance and competitive anxiety. Additionally, different sports require different arousal levels. In a game of rugby or football, higher arousal levels will lead to increased strength, power, and aggressiveness.
On the other hand, shooting, gymnastics, and archery require lower levels of arousal. Many athletes and teams rely on sports psychologists to help them develop the mental skills needed for reaching peak performance. Professionals use various techniques for attaining optimal arousal, such as: