Measuring Blood Pressure | misjon.info
For this reason, the measurement of a person's blood pressure is recorded as two different numbers — the systolic blood pressure and the diastolic blood. Use our blood pressure chart to learn what your blood pressure numbers mean. Systolic, diastolic? The American Heart Association helps you understand the. Jan 26, The American Heart Association (AHA) considers blood pressure to be within the normal range when both your systolic and diastolic numbers.
The top number refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during the contraction of your heart muscle. This is called systolic pressure.
Measuring Blood Pressure
The bottom number refers to your blood pressure when your heart muscle is between beats. This is called diastolic pressure.
Both numbers are important in determining the state of your heart health. Numbers greater than the ideal range indicate that your heart is working too hard to pump blood to the rest of your body.
The American Heart Association AHA considers blood pressure to be within the normal range when both your systolic and diastolic numbers are in these ranges. Blood pressure readings are expressed in millimeters of mercury. This unit is abbreviated as mm Hg. However, you should maintain a healthy lifestyle and healthy weight to help prevent hypertension from developing. Regular exercise and healthy eating can also help. You may need to be even more mindful of your lifestyle if hypertension runs in your family.
When your systolic pressure is between and mm Hg and your diastolic pressure is less than 80 mm Hg, it means you have elevated blood pressure. Elevated blood pressure has a good chance of turning into actual high blood pressure, which puts you at an increased risk of heart disease and stroke. No medications are necessary for elevated blood pressure.
Very high, sustained blood pressure will eventually cause blood vessels to weaken. Over time these weaken vessels can break, and blood will leak into the brain. The area of the brain that is being fed by these broken vessels start to die, and this will cause a stroke.
Additionally, if a blot clot blocks a narrowed artery, blood ceases to flow and a stroke will occur.
Pulse pressure: An indicator of heart health? - Mayo Clinic
Symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body, confusion, trouble speaking, or seeing, sudden severe headache. If you or someone with you has one or more of these signs, don't delay, call Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Your diet is high in saturated fats.
You consume more than two alcoholic drinks per day.
You have high blood pressure or need medication to control your blood pressure. You have high cholesterol levels or need medication to control your cholesterol level. You exercise less than 30 minutes per day - Inactivity puts a person at higher risk of developing heart disease.
You are overweight - Persons that have an excess of body fat are at a higher risk than persons of normal weight. You are over 40 or a post-menopausal woman - Risk of heart disease increases over the age of 45 in males, over 55 in females. Family History - Children of parents that developed heart disease before the age of 55 have a higher risk of developing heart disease.
You smoke - Cigarette smokers are at greater risk than pipe and cigar smokers, but all forms of tobacco are proven to be detrimental to the hearts health. If you answered yes to one or more of the above, you should talk to your doctor about how you can reduce your risk through lifestyle modifications.
Blood Pressure Medications There are several types of blood pressure medications and if one doesn't work, then ask your doctor to switch to another until your blood pressure becomes stable. Adalat - A dihydropyridine calcium blocker.
It is mostly used for treating hypertension and Angina Pectoris. Brand names of the drug include Procardia and Nifedical.