Romeo + Juliet - Wikipedia
Romeo was the only son of the Montagues', an important family in Verona While his friends were enjoying themselves, Romeo met Juliet and forgot Rosaline. Juliet says that she does not yet think of marriage but agrees to take a look at Paris to see if she might love him. Romeo meets Juliet and they talk and kiss. Act 2, Sunday, Night, Romeo and Juliet meet and learn they belong to the opposing families of Montague and Capulet. Despite the conflicting loyalties to their.
Juliet was there thinking of her first love. She was conscious that their love would meet many difficulties owing to their parents. Romeo listened to her monologue and then told her that he would always love her. So they decided to get married in a secret way. How do you know that Juliet fell in love with Romeo? The same night, when Romeo, Benvolio and Mercutio left the party, Juliet went to her room and started speaking to the moon.
She said she was in love with the wrong person because of their names and their Families.
Suddenly she heard a voice: The two lovers promised love to each other and decided to have a secret wedding the following day. Who agreed to help the two lovers? Romeo went to Friar Laurence who was in his garden: The monk decided to marry them because he tought that marriage could Caoulets and Montagues make friends.
What happened when Tybalt arrived and wanted to fight? Romeo was very sad and angry, so he murdered him with his sword. What were the consequences of killing Tybalt? After killing Tybalt, Romeo escaped because the prince of Verona was arriving and was very angry. Did Juliet hate Romeo for killing Tybalt?
When the nurse told Juliet what happened, she tought that her lover was a villain but she continued loving him, the girl was discouraged and unhappy. What did Juliet decide to do to avoid her wedding to Paris? When years later, half-paralyzed from a battle-wound, he wrote Giulietta e Romeo in Montorso Vicentino from where he could see the "castles" of Veronahe dedicated the novella to bellisima e leggiadra madonna Lucina Savorgnan.
Da Porto gave Romeo and Juliet most of its modern form, including the names of the lovers, the rival families of Montecchi and Capuleti, and the location in Verona. Da Porto originated the remaining basic elements of the story: Bandello lengthened and weighed down the plot while leaving the storyline basically unchanged though he did introduce Benvolio. Boaistuau adds much moralising and sentiment, and the characters indulge in rhetorical outbursts.
Shakespeare took advantage of this popularity: Romeo and Juliet is a dramatisation of Brooke's translation, and Shakespeare follows the poem closely but adds extra detail to both major and minor characters in particular the Nurse and Mercutio.
Timeline for Romeo and Juliet
Juliet's nurse refers to an earthquake she says occurred 11 years ago. Other earthquakes—both in England and in Verona—have been proposed in support of the different dates.
These are referred to as Q1 and Q2. The first printed edition, Q1, appeared in earlyprinted by John Danter. Because its text contains numerous differences from the later editions, it is labelled a so-called ' bad quarto '; the 20th-century editor T. Spencer described it as "a detestable text, probably a reconstruction of the play from the imperfect memories of one or two of the actors", suggesting that it had been pirated for publication. Alternative theories are that some or all of 'the bad quartos' are early versions by Shakespeare or abbreviations made either for Shakespeare's company or for other companies.
It was printed in by Thomas Creede and published by Cuthbert Burby. Q2 is about lines longer than Q1. Scholars believe that Q2 was based on Shakespeare's pre-performance draft called his foul papers since there are textual oddities such as variable tags for characters and "false starts" for speeches that were presumably struck through by the author but erroneously preserved by the typesetter.
It is a much more complete and reliable text and was reprinted in Q3Q4 and Q5. Pope began a tradition of editing the play to add information such as stage directions missing in Q2 by locating them in Q1. This tradition continued late into the Romantic period. Fully annotated editions first appeared in the Victorian period and continue to be produced today, printing the text of the play with footnotes describing the sources and culture behind the play.
Proposals for a main theme include a discovery by the characters that human beings are neither wholly good nor wholly evil, but instead are more or less alike,  awaking out of a dream and into reality, the danger of hasty action, or the power of tragic fate.
None of these have widespread support. However, even if an overall theme cannot be found it is clear that the play is full of several small, thematic elements that intertwine in complex ways.
Several of those most often debated by scholars are discussed below. My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.
Juliet Good pilgrim, you do wrong your hand too much, Which mannerly devotion shows in this; For saints have hands that pilgrims' hands do touch, And palm to palm is holy palmers' kiss.
Since it is such an obvious subject of the play, several scholars have explored the language and historical context behind the romance of the play. By using metaphors of saints and sins, Romeo was able to test Juliet's feelings for him in a non-threatening way.
This method was recommended by Baldassare Castiglione whose works had been translated into English by this time. He pointed out that if a man used a metaphor as an invitation, the woman could pretend she did not understand him, and he could retreat without losing honour. Juliet, however, participates in the metaphor and expands on it.
The religious metaphors of "shrine", "pilgrim", and "saint" were fashionable in the poetry of the time and more likely to be understood as romantic rather than blasphemous, as the concept of sainthood was associated with the Catholicism of an earlier age. Brooke's Romeus and Juliet. In the later balcony scene, Shakespeare has Romeo overhear Juliet's soliloquy, but in Brooke's version of the story, her declaration is done alone.
By bringing Romeo into the scene to eavesdrop, Shakespeare breaks from the normal sequence of courtship. Usually, a woman was required to be modest and shy to make sure that her suitor was sincere, but breaking this rule serves to speed along the plot. The lovers are able to skip courting and move on to plain talk about their relationship— agreeing to be married after knowing each other for only one night. Romeo and Juliet's love seems to be expressing the "Religion of Love" view rather than the Catholic view.
Another point is that although their love is passionate, it is only consummated in marriage, which keeps them from losing the audience's sympathy. Throughout the story, both Romeo and Juliet, along with the other characters, fantasise about it as a dark beingoften equating it with a lover. Capulet, for example, when he first discovers Juliet's faked death, describes it as having deflowered his daughter.
Right before her suicide, she grabs Romeo's dagger, saying "O happy dagger! This is thy sheath. There rust, and let me die. No consensus exists on whether the characters are truly fated to die together or whether the events take place by a series of unlucky chances.
Arguments in favour of fate often refer to the description of the lovers as " star-cross'd ". This phrase seems to hint that the stars have predetermined the lovers' future. Draper points out the parallels between the Elizabethan belief in the four humours and the main characters of the play for example, Tybalt as a choleric.
Interpreting the text in the light of humours reduces the amount of plot attributed to chance by modern audiences. For example, Romeo's challenging Tybalt is not impulsive; it is, after Mercutio's death, the expected action to take.
In this scene, Nevo reads Romeo as being aware of the dangers of flouting social normsidentity, and commitments.
He makes the choice to kill, not because of a tragic flawbut because of circumstance. O heavy lightness, serious vanity, Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms, Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health, Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is! Caroline Spurgeon considers the theme of light as "symbolic of the natural beauty of young love" and later critics have expanded on this interpretation.
Romeo describes Juliet as being like the sun,  brighter than a torch,  a jewel sparkling in the night,  and a bright angel among dark clouds. For example, Romeo and Juliet's love is a light in the midst of the darkness of the hate around them, but all of their activity together is done in night and darkness while all of the feuding is done in broad daylight.
This paradox of imagery adds atmosphere to the moral dilemma facing the two lovers: At the end of the story, when the morning is gloomy and the sun hiding its face for sorrow, light and dark have returned to their proper places, the outward darkness reflecting the true, inner darkness of the family feud out of sorrow for the lovers.
All characters now recognise their folly in light of recent events, and things return to the natural order, thanks to the love and death of Romeo and Juliet. They call out but when he does not answer they assume he does not want to be found.
Juliet talks about Romeo unaware that he can hear her. Romeo, unable to keep silent, surprises Juliet and speaks. Juliet worries that he will get caught but Romeo refuses to leave. Juliet tells Romeo that she will send someone to him tomorrow morning to confirm his love and his intentions to marry her.
A Request to Marry Romeo comes to meet Friar Lawrence to ask if he will perform the marriage ceremony. Romeo joins them and is mocked by Mercutio for abandoning them in the pursuit of love.
Mercutio and Benvolio go to supper whilst Romeo tells the Nurse about the marriage plans. She comes and Friar Lawrence takes the couple off to be wed. The Fight Benvolio and Mercutio are talking in the street when they are interrupted by Tybalt and his followers. Tybalt sees Romeo coming and draws his sword ready for a fight. Mercutio steps in and he and Tybalt fight instead.
Timeline for Romeo and Juliet
Benvolio leaves with the injured Mercutio. Romeo is angry at himself for not fighting his own battle with Tybalt. Benvolio comes back and tells Romeo that Mercutio is dead. Tybalt returns and Romeo seeks revenge for Mercutio and stabs him. The Prince enters with the Capulets and the Montagues. Benvolio explains that Tybalt stabbed Mercutio and so Romeo stabbed Tybalt. Lady Capulet tells the Prince that Romeo must be put to death for killing Tybalt.
The Prince decides that Romeo should instead be banished for his actions. The Nurse tells her that Romeo killed Tybalt and is now banished. Romeo believes banishment is worse than a death sentence because he will be living in a world without Juliet.
Romeo is distraught and is worried what Juliet now thinks of him. Friar Lawrence tells Romeo to go to Juliet but to leave for Mantua before the next morning. In time, once the news of their marriage has spread, the Friar believes Romeo may be able to return.
Timeline for Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
Setting a Date Capulet assures Paris that Juliet will do as he wishes and marry him. He asks his wife to go to Juliet and tell her the news. They are sad to soon be leaving one another and wonder when they will meet again. The Nurse tells Juliet that her mother is calling for her so Romeo and Juliet say their farewells.