Category:People of Southwest Asian descent - Wikipedia
The new Southeast Asia Energy Outlook provides detailed energy projections and of nearly million, an estimated 65 million people remain without almost doubles as their deployment helps to meet rising electricity. China, for example, supplied West Asia and the Mediterranean world with silk, where peoples of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds could meet and. Southwest Asia lies at the crossroads of three con- so barren that some people call it “the place where has used oil in different ways to meet its people's.
Having trouble finding something? ASEAN countries are at various stages of economic development and have different energy resource endowments and consumption patterns. But they share a common challenge to meet rising demand in a secure, affordable and sustainable manner. There are many encouraging signs: But much more remains to be done. Access to modern energy is incomplete. Investment in upstream oil and gas has been hit by lower prices since and the region faces a dwindling position as a gas exporter, and a rising dependency on imported oil.
At the same time, energy-related air pollution, both indoor and outdoor, also presents major risks to public health, while rising carbon-dioxide CO2 emissions are contrary to the objectives of the Paris Climate Change Agreement, which has been ratified by all the countries in the region. This scenario reflects the impact of existing energy policies in Southeast Asia as well as an assessment of the results likely to stem from the implementation of announced policy intentions, such as the country pledges made as part of the Paris Agreement.
There is strong growth in low-carbon energy, but increased energy needs lead to rising consumption of all fuels. Oil demand expands from 4. Primary energy demand growth in the New Policies Scenario The future looks electric Electricity is the main source of growth in final energy use Electricity accounts for the largest share of the increase in final consumption, as rising incomes in the region translate into higher ownership of appliances and increasing demand for cooling.
One area where electrification makes less progress is the transport sector. In the absence, for the moment, of supportive policies, electric mobility does not gain much of a foothold in our projections. Instead, energy use in the transport sector remains dominated by oil products, with policy efforts to diversify the mix focusing on biofuels. Biofuels can bring energy security and environmental benefits, although that would require that palm oil production is managed sustainably, an important policy issue for the main producers, Indonesia and Malaysia.
Installed power generation capacity rises to more than gigawatts GW in in our main scenario, from GW today. The mix of fuels and technologies varies country-by-country, but overall reflects an emerging preference for a combination of high efficiency coal plants and increased deployment of renewables.
The large penetration of renewables and wider deployment of more efficient coal-fired plants results in the carbon intensity of power sector declining by almost one-fifth, but it remains significantly higher than the world average. Change in installed generation capacity by type to The road to universal energy access Electrification is a success story in Southeast Asia Extending connections to those without access to electricity is a top priority for policy-makers in Southeast Asia.
The large number of people living in island communities and remote areas makes the challenge more difficult. The declining cost of renewables is opening new opportunities to achieve access and reduce reliance on costly diesel generators in isolated areas.
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But achieving universal access across a very diverse region requires careful consideration of the specific situation of different communities. Soils are thin and mountain slopes carry little vegetation. Water brings exceptions to these conditions along the coasts, rivers, and in oases and qanats. Qanats are tunnels dug into water bearing rock strata at an angle, so that the water drains to the surface. Southwest Asia can best be summed up as a B climate, desert and steppe, with the Arabian Peninsula being the driest with an average rain fall of four inches a year.
The Arabic language is the most common spoken language throughout the realm, although in many areas of the realm it is not used by most of the people. Turkey, Iran and Israel do not speak Arabic and they each have their own language. Southwest Asia is dominated by the Islamic religion with the exception of Israel, which is Jewish, and Lebanon, which is Christian. He was on a mission, sent by God, to spread the new religion across the world.
The religion continued after his death in and spread into Africa, Asia, and Europe. Today, the Islamic faith has reached more than 1 billion followers throughout the world and extends well beyond the limits of Southwest Asia. The two primary groups of Islam are the Shiites and the Sunni. They both follow the teachings of Muhammad and the Quran. The Quran is compared to the Bible of the Christian religion. Shiites do not agree with the Sunni because they feel every decision should be made on what the Quran says and they believe in following a blood family member of the prophet Muhammad.
The Sunni have a more governmental view and are not as strict as the Shiites on the teachings of the Quran. The Islamic faith requires all Muslims to follow the "Five Pillars: Mecca is a place where thousands of culturally different people meet and have something in common: Islam set out to give the Arabian world a faith that was universal.
Islam wanted all of its followers to be unified. The Islamic religion's aim was to give the followers a new goal and a sense of pride in their life. In the Islamic religion the followers could feel good about themselves. Different actions were strongly discouraged, for example: Even though the Muslims discouraged drinking and other things, polygamy was not forbidden.
Monogamous couples were praised. When Muhammad died the successor title was given to his wife's father. After this occasion, the religion split into two resulting into two subdivisions: The development of Southwest Asia has been slowed by wars over territories, religion differences, and by the lack of resources in some countries. Oil is the biggest resource in Southwest Asia. Industry and manufacturing are the major part of the economy of Israel and Turkey, because they have very little oil.
Israel is the most prosperous nation with the least amount of resources. Some of the smaller countries, located along the Persian Gulf, have become very rich from the exportations of oil. Middle East Countries Iraq has a population of 22 million, comprises nearly 60 percent of the total area of the Middle East and has 40 percent of the region's population. Iraq is endowed with natural resources and has major oil reserves and large areas of irrigated farmland.
Iraq is bounded by as many as six neighbors, and has recently had adversarial relationships with most of them. The heart of Iraq is the area centered on the capital, Baghdad, situated on the Tigris River amid the productive farmlands of the Tigris-Euphrates Plain. There are a great majority of Sunni Muslims in this area who dominate the core area and the country's political machine.
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Iraq's infrastructure and economy were shattered during the Gulf War, but Iraq had wasted a lot of potential on the earlier conflict with Iran, mismanagement, corruption, and inefficiency. With its good agricultural land and its enormous oil income, Iraq should be one of the economic success stories of the entire realm. Instead, its failed leadership has made it one of the world's tragedies. Syria has a population around 16 million with 75 percent of them Sunni Muslim.
Syria is not a democracy. Since it has been a republic under a military regime. Syria has a Mediterranean coastline where nonirrigated agriculture is possible.
Damascus, the capital of Syria, is considered to be the world's oldest continuously inhabited city. Its population exceeds 2 million. Syria has good cotton and wheat growing areas in the northwest around the Orontes River, which is the main source of irrigation water. In the eastern part of the country, the Euphrates River valley is the crucial lifeline. Syria earns substantial revenue from its cotton exports, but oil earns most of the income.
Jordan has a population of about 4. It has suffered heavily since the creation of Israel in Jordan received more than half a million Arab refugees, more than the total number of Jordan's original population of thousand. Soon after, Jordan found itself responsible for another half million Palestinians who were forced to leave Israel. Jordan has survived by help from the U. The war with Israel was disastrous for Jordan, which lost the West Bank as well as its sector of Jerusalem.
Amman is the capital city of Jordan, and it reflects the limitations and poverty of the country. Jordan has no oil, very little farmland and very little unity and strength.
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Lebanon must import much of its staple food, wheat. The coastal belt below the mountains, though intensively cultivated, cannot produce enough grain to feed the population. The country began to fall apart in when a civil war broke out between the Muslims and the Christians. Beirut, the capital city, has had a very hard time surviving.
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It approached total destruction during the late s. Today, Beirut has embarked on a long rebuilding process and its population, now at 2. Israel, created inlies at the very heart of the Arab world. The population is about 5 million with the Jewish religion dominating the country.