Notice of Interruption - Anchorage Daily News
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However, the trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized from to Small-scale fisheries face numerous challenges. In response, about 70 per cent of the respondents to a survey representing 92 countries and the European Union have introduced or developed regulations, policies, laws, plans or strategies specifically targeting small-scale fisheries.
When effectively managed and well resourced, marine protected areas are important mechanisms for safeguarding ocean life. Inprotected areas cover The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity, intensification of research capacity and increases in ocean science funding remain critically important to preserve marine resources.
The global share of marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in to 69 per cent in Studies at open ocean and coastal sites around the world show that current levels of marine acidity have increased by about 26 per cent on average since the start of the Industrial Revolution.
Moreover, marine life is being exposed to conditions outside previously experienced natural variability. Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters due to pollution and eutrophication.
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Without concerted efforts, coastal eutrophication is expected to increase in 20 per cent of large marine ecosystems by This is more than double the coverage level. Report of the Secretary-General, The Sustainable Development Goals Report Progress of goal 14 in Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development worldwide.
They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in Oceans provide livelihoods and tourism benefits, as well as subsistence and income.
They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and protecting coastal areas from flooding and erosion.
However, those resources are extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation, overfishing, climate change and pollution. The sustainable use and preservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and their biological diversity is essential to achieving the Agenda, in particular for small island developing States.Amazing Facts About Gulf Of Alaska Where 2 Oceans Meet But Dont Mix
Pollution of both land and seas is a threat in many coastal regions. In addition, since river basins, marine ecosystems and the atmosphere are all part of hydrological systems, the effects of such pollution are often felt far from their source.
- Dive in for a view below the surface!
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Enhancing Law Enforcement Cooperation: The Pacific Islands face a multitude of transnational crime threats, including illegal fishing, financial crime, drug trafficking, human trafficking, gang activity, and cybercrime. The United States partners with regional bodies and governments in the Pacific Islands region to enhance law enforcement cooperation through a number of mechanisms, including by improving information sharing, providing investigative support, and building capacity through training and mentoring.
Economic Development When the United States invests in the Pacific Islands, we do so as a partner committed to a shared future that advances national sovereignty, regional cooperation, and trust.
This occurs when infrastructure is physically secure, socially responsible, and financially viable. To attract much needed private sector capital, Indo-Pacific countries must prioritize transparency, anti-corruption, and responsible financing. Unlocking the Power of the Private Sector: Government spending alone will not be enough to address the development needs of the Pacific Islands. The United States wants to foster private sector-led growth and unlock the power of the free market for sustainable development in the Pacific.
This is why we are investing in efforts to share U. The Office of the U. Fisheries are a lifeblood of Pacific Island economies and a cornerstone of U. The United States and 16 Pacific Island parties agreed to adopt amendments to the Treaty on Fisheries in Decemberand have been working together on implementation since then.
Senate in the next step of the U. This is the first treaty package sent by this Administration to the Senate, reflecting the importance of our relationship with the Pacific Islands. We are also investing in efforts to support Pacific Island fisheries businesses. We will support a third round of the Fish 2. This year, Fish 2.
Revitalizing the Tourism Sector: Tourism is another major economic driver and job creator in the Pacific Islands. To better support this vital sector, we are renewing a U. The first group of participants arrived in Hawaii in the spring of The participants spend approximately six weeks in the U. Two subsequent groups of U. Protecting the Environment The United States recognizes the importance the Pacific Islands place on the pristine environment of the Blue Pacific region. We partner with the Pacific Islands on a range of activities to ensure that the natural resources of the Pacific are sustainably managed to support generations of future Pacific Islanders.
The United States is working with the Pacific Islands to research and combat harmful invasive species in recognition of the toll invasive species take on fragile environments and economies.
Among other projects, these funds protect against the spread of the Little Fire Ant, Wasmannia auropunctata, infestation on the island of Yap in the Federated States of Micronesia; harmful black rats and mangrove monitor lizards in Ulithi Atoll, Yap, Federated States of Micronesia; the Crown of Thorns Starfish, Acanthaster planci, on coral reefs in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia; and the invasive flowering vine, Merremia peltata, in Palau.
In addition to invasive species, USGS conducts research into a number of challenges and opportunities impacting ecosystems in the Pacific islands, including water resource management, mangrove resilience, endangered species, offshore minerals, and sea level rise.
This success informs future research on mosquito eradication opportunities elsewhere that could reduce human disease or avian malaria in endemic Pacific island birds. Ocean acidification poses a threat to ocean ecosystems, which are a source of tourism, fisheries revenues, and food security for the Pacific Islands. OAMM is a public-private partnership of government, civil society, and private stakeholders focused on building capacity of scientists in the Pacific Islands and Latin America to monitor ocean acidification and to assess the impact of seagrass restoration on local ocean chemistry.
OAMM has leveraged additional support for capacity building activities that helped expand the reach of the project. Since its launch, OAMM has hosted two science training workshops at the University of the South Pacific in Fiji; trained 23 scientists from 10 Pacific Islands countries; created and procured customized equipment kits for scientists in 7 countries; helped develop monitoring plans for 7 countries; created an e-learning space for kit recipients through the Ocean Acidification Information Exchange, and awarded three mentorship scholarships.
Building Resilience USAID helps nations cope with changing environmental conditions, while improving lives and building a more sustainable, equitable future for all. USAID raises the capacity of Pacific Island communities, civil society, governments, and regional institutions to mitigate the impact of, and prepare for, natural disasters. Community-level projects serve as models for national governments, regional institutions, and other donors and stakeholders.
USAID has strengthened resilience in 77 communities across nine Pacific Island countries by improving small-scale community infrastructure and building local capacity for disaster mitigation and preparedness.