Circulatory System Review Guide
US Highway 46 - Mountain Lakes, NJ Meet Our Doctors Request an Appointment Patient Forms Coronary artery disease (CAD), also called coronary heart disease (CHD) The heart has several large arteries and veins connected to it that branch out and become smaller as they travel throughout your body. Your doctor has requested an ultrasound of veins in your legs. You may hear unusual sounds as the technologist views and records the blood flowing through the veins and arteries in your legs. Mid-Cities, Sherman Oaks, Silver Lake, Studio City, Toluca Lake and West Hollywood. Find A Doctor. Meet the Expert Team. Normal Breast Arterial, Venous, and Lymphatic Anatomy In general, veins are larger than arteries, but this may be a consequence of breast compression (eg, mammography), chest wall .. Presented as an education exhibit at the RSNA Annual Meeting. Salt Lake City, Utah: Amirsys, ; I2–I
You may be at higher risk for weak vein walls due to increasing age or a family history of varicose veins. You may also be at higher risk if you have increased pressure in your veins due to overweight or obesity, or pregnancy. Back to Top Risk Factors A number of factors may increase your risk for varicose veins, including family history, age, gender, pregnancy, overweight or obesity, and lack of movement.
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Family History Having family members who have varicose veins may raise your risk for the condition. About half of all people who have varicose veins have a family history of them.
Age Getting older may put you at higher risk for varicose veins. The normal wear and tear of aging may cause the valves in your veins to weaken and not work as well. Gender Women tend to get varicose veins more often than men.
Hormonal changes that occur during puberty, pregnancy, menopause, or with the use of birth control pills may raise a woman's chances of getting varicose veins.
Pregnancy During pregnancy, the growing fetus puts pressure on the veins in the legs. Varicose veins that occur during pregnancy usually get better within 3 to 12 months of delivery. Overweight or Obesity Being overweight or obese can put extra pressure on your veins. This can lead to varicose veins. Lack of Movement Standing or sitting for a long time, especially with your legs bent or crossed, may raise your risk for varicose veins.
This is because staying in one position for a long time may force your veins to work harder to pump blood to your heart. Signs and Symptoms The signs and symptoms of varicose veins include: Large veins that you can see on your skin.
Mild swelling of your ankles and feet. Painful, achy, or "heavy" legs.
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Throbbing or cramping in your legs. Itchy legs, especially on the lower leg and ankle. This is sometimes incorrectly diagnosed as dry skin. Discolored skin in the area around the varicose vein.
Signs of telangiectasias are red clusters of veins that you can see on your skin. Signs of spider veins are red or blue veins in a web pattern that often show up on the legs and face.
See your doctor if you have these signs and symptoms. They also may be signs of other, sometimes more serious conditions.
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Complications Sometimes varicose veins can lead to dermatitis der-ma-TI-tisan itchy rash. If you have varicose veins in your legs, dermatitis may affect your lower leg or ankle. Dermatitis can cause bleeding or skin ulcers if the skin is scratched or irritated. Thrombophlebitis is a blood clot in a vein. Superficial thrombophlebitis means that the blood clot occurs in a vein close to the surface of the skin.
This type of blood clot may cause pain and other problems in the affected area. Back to Top Diagnosis Doctors often diagnose varicose veins based on a physical exam alone. Sometimes tests or procedures are done to find out the extent of the problem and to rule out other disorders.
Specialists Involved If you have varicose veins, you may see a vascular medicine specialist or vascular surgeon. These are doctors who specialize in blood vessel conditions. You also may see a dermatologist.
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This is a doctor who specializes in skin conditions. Physical Exam To check for varicose veins in your legs, your doctor will look at your legs while you're standing or sitting with your legs dangling.
He or she may ask you about your signs and symptoms, including any pain you're having. Diagnostic Tests and Procedures Doppler Ultrasound Your doctor may recommend a Doppler ultrasound to check blood flow in your veins and to look for blood clots.
A Doppler ultrasound uses sound waves to create pictures of structures in your body. During this test, a handheld device will be placed on your body and passed back and forth over the affected area. A computer will convert the sound waves into a picture of the blood flow in your arteries and veins. Angiogram Although rare, your doctor may order an angiogram to get a more detailed look at the blood flow through your blood vessels. For this procedure, dye is injected into your veins.
The dye outlines your veins on x-ray images. An angiogram can help your doctor confirm whether you have varicose veins or another problem. Treatment Overview Varicose veins are treated with lifestyle changes and medical procedures. If your varicose veins cause any minor symptoms, your doctor may suggest simply making lifestyle changes.
If your symptoms are more severe, your doctor may recommend one or more medical procedures. For example, you may need a medical procedure if you have significant pain, blood clots, or skin disorders as a result of your varicose veins.
Some people who have varicose veins choose to have procedures to improve the appearance of their varicose veins. Although treatment can help existing varicose veins, it can't keep new varicose veins from forming. Back to Top Lifestyle Changes Lifestyle changes are often the first treatment for varicose veins. These changes can prevent varicose veins from getting worse, reduce pain, and delay other varicose veins from forming. Lifestyle changes include the following: Avoid standing or sitting for long periods without taking a break.
When sitting, avoid crossing your legs. Raise your legs when sitting, resting, or sleeping. When you can, raise your legs above the level of your heart. Do physical activities to get your legs moving and improve muscle tone. This helps blood move through your veins.
If you're overweight or obeselose weight. This will improve blood flow and ease the pressure on your veins. Avoid wearing tight clothes, especially those that are tight around your waist, groin upper thighsand legs.
Tight clothes can make varicose veins worse. Avoid wearing high heels for long periods.
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Lower heeled shoes can help tone your calf muscles. Toned muscles help blood move through the veins. Your doctor may recommend compression stockings. These stockings create gentle pressure up the leg. This pressure keeps blood from pooling and decreases swelling in the legs.
There are three types of compression stockings. One type is support pantyhose - these offer the least amount of pressure. A second type is over-the-counter compression hose, which give a little more pressure than support pantyhose. Over-the-counter compression hose are sold in medical supply stores and pharmacies.
Prescription-strength compression hose are the third type of compression stockings. These stockings offer the greatest amount of pressure, and are also sold in medical supply stores and pharmacies. However, you will need to be fitted for them in the store by a specially trained person. Removing or closing varicose veins usually doesn't cause problems with blood flow because the blood starts moving through other veins.
You may be treated with one or more of the procedures listed below. Common side effects right after most of these procedures include bruising, swelling, skin discoloration, and slight pain.Histology of arteries, veins and capillaries (preview) - Microscopic Anatomy - Kenhub
The side effects are most severe with vein stripping and ligation li-GA-shun. Although rare, this procedure can cause severe pain, infection, blood clots, and scarring. The chemical is injected into the vein to cause irritation and scarring inside the vein.
The irritation and scarring cause the vein to close off, and it fades away. This procedure is often used to treat smaller varicose veins and spider veins. These vascular lesions may appear for many reasons including increasing age, heredity, hormone changes, and obesity. Read More Pericarditis - Inflammation of the Heart Sac Pericarditis is an inflammation of the sac that surrounds the heart. When a cause can be found an infection, systemic disease, or autoimmune disorder most commonly causes it.
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Blood flow may be reduced or blocked by Sclerotherapy involves the tiny injections of a medication into affected veins. The solution used causes the veins to shrink and eventually dissolve. Sclerotherapy may improve the appearance of veins and Read More Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is a common and under-diagnosed sleep disorder. It causes repeated episodes of stopped breathing apneic episodes and startling or gasping for air during sleep.
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