Millions of Hindus plunge into Ganges River in India to wash away their sins - Telegraph
The Ganges River begins in the Himalayas, roughly three hundred miles north of Delhi Below its confluence with the Yamuna River, which is nearly devoid of life after passing attending meetings of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the mass organization that . I am willing to be hanged for my role. The Triveni Sangam, the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. In Hindu tradition Triveni Sangam is the "confluence" (Sangam in Sanskrit) of three rivers. This is a Holy Place of Hindus where three Holy rivers meet (Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati in underground stage). You can have a sunbath here, and can see.
At Kanpur site, the average PO4 recorded was 1. The maximum PO4 was noted 1. At Allahabad site, the minimum PO4 was recorded 0. The average PO4 was recorded 0. At Varanasi site, the average PO4 was recorded 1. The minimum PO4 was recorded 1. Singh [ 27 ] reported that the PO4 was ranged from 1. Alkalinity At Kanpur site, the average alkalinity recorded was At Allahabad site, the average alkalinity was recorded At Varanasi site, the average alkalinity was recorded Praveen [ 23 ] reported that alkalinity value was ranged from The alkalinity of the river water was more in winter when the temperature was lower compared to monsoon and summer seasons.
The average Cl was recorded At Allahabad site, the average TH was recorded At Varanasi site, the average TH was recorded Water hardness refers to the concentration of divalent calcium, Magnesium, Strontium, Ferrous, and Manganese ions.
It is derived largely from soil and rock erosion. The minimum Nitrate was recorded in monsoon season 0. At Allahabad site, the minimum Nitrate was recorded 0. At Allahabad site, the average Nitrate was recorded 1.
At Varanasi site, the average Nitrate was recorded 2. The minimum Nitrate was recorded 2. The maximum Nitrate was noted in summer season as 2. Tripathi [ 31 ] reported mean value of NO3 was 1.
In surface waters nitrogen may exist as particulates or dissolved forms. Organic nitrogen decays to produce ammonia via anaerobic bacteria decayed process. Ammonia in turn converted to nitrites and ultimate to nitrates via the process of nitrification, an aerobic bacteria procedure.
Algae readily take up dissolved inorganic nitrogen, which consist of ammonia and nitrate with a typical preference for ammonia. Nitrates added into the river water mainly by agricultural runoff.The Beautiful View Of Alaknanda & Bhagirathi Rivers Sangam - Full HD 1080P
The minimum DO was recorded in the monsoon season 3. At Allahabad site, the average DO was recorded 5. At Varanasi site, the average DO was recorded 4. The minimum DO was recorded 3. Tripathi [ 31 ] recorded mean value of DO was 0. Maheshwari [ 36 ] reported DO varied from 5. Value of DO increased in winter due to circulation of cold water as well as high solubility of oxygen at low temperature.
DO play an important role in water quality determination. The introduction of oxygen demanding materials, either organic or inorganic, in to water causes depletion of the dissolved oxygen in the water.
This poses a threat to fish and other higher forms of aquatic life if the concentration of oxygen falls below critical point. But in case of C. Due to low concentration of oxygen in the river Ganga other fishes especially carps are suffer for survival and growth.
- Millions of Hindus plunge into Ganges River in India to wash away their sins
- Ganges River
- view of hanging bridge - Picture of Triveni Sangam Allahabad, Allahabad
DO levels in surface water body indicate the ability to support aquatic life. The high DO values means the rate of oxygen replenishment in water is greater than the oxygen utilization. Adequate DO is necessary for good water quality. DO levels between 5. Gangotri itself is a sacred place for Hindu pilgrimage.
The true source of the Ganges, however, is considered to be at Gaumukh, about 13 miles 21 km southeast of Gangotri. It then flows onto the plain at Haridwaranother place held sacred by Hindus. From April to June the melting Himalayan snows feed the river, and in the rainy season, from July to September, the rain-bearing monsoons cause floods. South of Haridwar, now within the state of Uttar Pradeshthe river receives its two principal right-bank tributaries: Its most-important southern tributary is the Son River.
The river then skirts the Rajmahal Hills to the south and flows southeast to Farakka in central West Bengal state, at the apex of the delta.
West Bengal is the last Indian state that the Ganges enters, and, after it flows into Bangladesh, the Mahananda River joins it from the north. The westernmost distributaries of the delta are the Bhagirathi and the Hugli Hooghly rivers, on the east bank of which stands the huge metropolis of Kolkata Calcutta. The Hugli itself is joined by two tributaries flowing in from the west, the Damodar and the Rupnarayan. The combined stream, there called the Padma, joins with the Meghna River above Chandpur.
The waters then flow through the delta region to the Bay of Bengal via innumerable channels, the largest of which is known as the Meghna estuary. Such changes have occurred in comparatively recent times, especially since In the Brahmaputra flowed past the city of Mymensingh ; it now flows more than 40 miles 65 km west of it before joining the Ganges. The delta, the seaward prolongation of sediment deposits from the Ganges and Brahmaputra river valleys, is about miles km along the coast and covers an area of some 23, square miles 60, square km.
view of hanging bridge - Picture of Triveni Sangam Allahabad, Allahabad - TripAdvisor
It is composed of repeated alternations of clays, sands, and marls, with recurring layers of peat, lignite, and beds of what were once forests. The new deposits of the delta, known in Hindi and Urdu as the khadarnaturally occur in the vicinity of the present channels. The southern surface of the Ganges delta has been formed by the rapid and comparatively recent deposition of enormous loads of sediment. To the east the seaward side of the delta is being changed at a rapid rate by the formation of new lands, known as char s, and new islands.
The western coastline of the delta, however, has remained practically unchanged since the 18th century. The rivers in the West Bengal area are sluggish; little water passes down them to the sea. In the Bangladeshi delta region, the rivers are broad and active, carrying plentiful water and connected by innumerable creeks. During the rains June to October the greater part of the region is flooded to a depth of 3 or more feet at least 1 metreleaving the villages and homesteads, which are built on artificially raised land, isolated above the floodwaters.
Communication between settlements during that season can be accomplished only by boat. To the seaward side of the delta as a whole, there is a vast stretch of tidal mangrove forests and swampland. The region, called the Sundarbansis protected by India and Bangladesh for conservation purposes. SundarbansMangrove trees in the Sundarbans. Monster eagle In certain parts of the delta there occur layers of peat, composed of the remains of forest vegetation and rice plants.
In many natural depressions, known as bils, peat, still in the process of formation, has been used as a fertilizer by local farmers, and it has been dried and used as a domestic and industrial fuel. Climate and hydrology The Ganges basin encompasses somesquare miles 1, square km and contains the largest river system on the subcontinent.
The water supply depends partly on the rains brought by the southwesterly monsoon winds from July to October as well as on the flow from melting Himalayan snows in the hot season from April to June. Precipitation in the river basin accompanies the southwest monsoon winds, but it also comes with tropical cyclones that originate in the Bay of Bengal between June and October.
Only a small amount of rainfall occurs in December and January.
The average annual rainfall varies from 30 inches mm at the western end of the basin to more than 90 inches 2, mm at the eastern end. In the upper Gangetic Plain in Uttar Pradesh, rainfall averages about 30—40 inches [—1, mm]; in the Middle Ganges Plain of Bihar, from 40 to 60 inches [1, to 1, mm]; and in the delta region, between 60 and inches [1, and 2, mm].
The delta region experiences strong cyclonic storms both before the commencement of the monsoon season, from March to May, and at the end of it, from September to October.
Some of those storms result in much loss of life and the destruction of homes, crops, and livestock. One such storm, which occurred in Novemberwas of catastrophic proportions, resulting in deaths of at leastand possibly as many aspeople; another, in Aprilkilled someBetween the Yamuna River at Delhi and the Bay of Bengal, a distance of nearly 1, miles 1, kmthe elevation drops only some feet metres.
Altogether the Ganges-Brahmaputra plains extend over an area ofsquare milessquare km.
The alluvial mantle of the plain, which in some places is more than 6, feet 1, metres thick, is possibly not more than 10, years old. Plant and animal life The Ganges-Yamuna area was once densely forested.
Historical writings indicate that in the 16th and 17th centuries wild elephants, buffalo, bison, rhinoceroses, lions, and tigers were hunted there.
Most of the original natural vegetation has disappeared from the Ganges basin, and the land is now intensely cultivated to meet the needs of an ever-growing population. Large wild animals are few, except for deer, boars, and wildcats and some wolves, jackals, and foxes.
Only in the Sundarbans area of the delta are some Bengal tigers, crocodiles, and marsh deer still found. Ganges river dolphin, or susu Platanista gangetica. In the Bengal area common fish include featherbacks Notopteridae familybarbs Cyprinidaewalking catfishgouramis Anabantidaeand milkfish Chanidae. The Ganges river dolphin —or susu Platanista gangeticaa nearly sightless cetacean with highly developed sonar capabilities—can be found throughout the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin, but it is considered endangered because of encroaching human activity.
Many varieties of birds are found, such as mynah birds, parrots, crows, kites, partridges, and fowls. In winter, ducks and snipes migrate south across the high Himalayas, settling in large numbers in water-covered areas. People Ethnically, the people of the Ganges basin are of mixed origin. In the west and centre of the basin they were originally descended from an early population—possibly speaking Dravidian or Austroasiatic languages—and were later joined by speakers of Indo-Aryan languages.
In historical times Turks, Mongols, Afghans, Persians, and Arabs came from the west and intermingled with them. To the east and south, especially in Bengal, peoples speaking Austroasiatic, Indo-Aryan, and Tibeto-Burman languages have joined the population over the centuries.