Beas River - Wikipedia
The Beas meets the Shivalik Hills in Hoshiarpur and turns north, creating a India shares the waters of the Beas and Sutlej rivers with Pakistan. Beas river meets river Satluj at which of the following places? [A] Hari ka Patan [B ] Mirthal [C] Dehradun [D] Katrain. Show Answer. Correct Answer: A [ Hari ka. After crossing the valley, the Beas enters Punjab state and veers south and then southwest to its confluence with the Sutlej River at Harike after a course of about .
The Sutlej River drains the famous and very old Bahawalpur State. The area to the south and the east is dry and is named as Cholistan. Cholistan forms a segment of the Bahawalpur Division. The Indus River subsequently runs through a canyon close to Sukkur and runs through the fecund terrain area of Sindh and ends its itinerary in the Arabian Sea, close to the port city of Karachi, Pakistan.
The waters of the Satluj River are distributed to India according to the Indus Waters Treaty between Pakistan and India and are primarily shifted to the irrigation channels in India. The length has been decided at km or miles.Beas river tragedy:The killer flood of 27 seconds
The idea is to link the Yamuna and Sutlej Rivers. Nevertheless, the plans faced a number of impediments and were brought up for drawing the attention of the Supreme Court. In the Vedic Ages, the Sutlej was named as Sutudri.
Geology of Sutlej The Satluj, together with all the rivers in Punjab, is considered to have sapped east into the Ganges before 5 Mya. There is considerable geographical proof to show that before BC at the most recent, Sutlej was a major tributary of the Ghaggar-Hakra River probably through the Saraswati River instead of the Indus with different writers mentioning the channelization from BC or BC.
Geological scientists assume that tectonic movement resulted in altitude variations, which rerouted the discharge of Sutlej from the southeast to the southwest. Subsequently, the potent Saraswati started to desiccate, resulting in transformation of Cholistan and the eastern portion of the present state of Sindh into desert.
The desertification led to desertion of many prehistoric human colonies beside the riverbanks of Saraswati. There is certain proof that the escalating rate of wearing down created by the present Sutlej River has regulated the cracks in restricted parts and speedily unearthed stones over Rampur.
This will be comparable to, but on a much lower extent than the digging up of rocks by the Indus River in Nanga Parbat, Pakistan. In addition, the Sutlej River also exhibits a twofold reversed metamorphic slope.
The origin of the Sutlej is located on the western slopes of the Kailash Mountain in western Tibet. There are no roads and was first discovered by raft and kayak by German and Russian groups in The biggest contemporary industrial city beside the Sutlej riverbanks is Ludhiana in Punjab.
SATLUJ RAVI BEAS CHENAB
As laid down in this project, new channels should discharge by constructing dams on three rivers. These channels should provide water to a vast region of the Bahawalpur State.
This project kicked off in to and it was categorized into four sets. It began in the manner that Head Islam, Ferozpur Sulemanki, and Head Punjnad should discharge water on long-term and short-term basis. The proper outlay for this project was 33 crores and 31 lakhs at the conclusion of Out of this amount, 14 crores were sponsored by the State of Bahawalpur. The treasury of the Bahawalpur State provided two crores and the remaining amount was financed by borrowing from the government. As a result of this Sutlej Valley project scheme, 20 lakhs and 75 thousand acres of land out of 51 lakhs and 8 thousand had been supplied with the canal waters permanently.
The remaining 30 lakhs and 33 thousand acres of land were inhabited on a temporary basis. The inland waterways running from Head Punjnad had a satisfactory volume of water but the channels running from Head Sulemanki and Head Islam had small volumes of water.
Estimates confirmed this project was gainful for the Bahawalpur State. Total Income from Irrigation From to The harvest of some particular food grains was raised by 51 lakhs and 50 thousands and the most significant benefit was the rise in population. Therefore, the number of people living in the Bahawalpur State became twofold and nearly 25 lakh acres of land was switched into cultivable land. Because of growth in export and import, new cities, roads, markets were set up.
A big region of Cholistan, which was arid earlier, began to become inhabited due to the availability of water.
Once a considerable number of Punjabi farmers settled there, there was necessity of setting up new marketplaces. In this way, the state received an excellent storage space for agricultural produces. The river fuses with the Chenab River close to the Alipur city in Pakistani. The joint flow of the rivers, known as the Panjnad, flow on for around 80 km to meet the Indus. Given below are some popular tourist attractions situated on the riverbanks of the Sutlej: Kalpa Kalpa is situated at an elevation of 2, meters in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh.
It is a picturesque place, situated on the Sutlej riverbanks. The place offers stunning sights of the Kinner Kailash massif over the Sutlej River. Kalpa is so attractive, that Lord Dalhousie, the erstwhile Governor General of India came to see the place. Dalhousie was so overwhelmed by the splendor of Kalpa that he constructed a charming summer cottage at that place. It is assumed that he communicated to the King of England from Kalpa, that maybe during summer England could be ruled from Kalpa.
There is no doubt, the attractive features of Kalpa does that to all the people visiting the place. The district headquarters of Kinnaur is Rekong Peo, which is around meters downward from Kalpa. The capital of Himachal Pradesh, Shimla is located about km from Kalpa. It will take a whole day drive down NH from Shimla to arrive at Kalpa. Other than the spectacular views, Kalpa is also famous for its high-quality chilgozas and apples. Kabul river from Afghanistan joins Indus near Attock.
Just above Mithankot, the Indus receives from Panjnad Panchnadthe accumulated waters of the five eastern tributaries—the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas and the Satluj. The river empties into the Arabian Sea south of Karachi after forming a huge delta. It flows northwards into Wular Lake north-western part of Kashmir Valley.
From Wular Lake, it changes its course southwards. At Baramulla the river enters a gorge in the hills.
Indus River System: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas & Satluj | PMF IAS
The river forms steep-sided narrow gorge through Pir Panjal Range below Baramula. At Muzaffarabad, the river takes a sharp hairpin bend southward.
Thereafter, it forms the India-Pakistan boundary for km and emerges at the Potwar Plateau near Mirpur. After flowing through the spurs of the Salt Range it debouches emerge from a confined space into a wide, open area on the plains near the city of Jhelum. It joins the Chenab at Trimmu. The river is navigable for about km out of a total length of km. Two small streams on opposite sides of the pass, namely Chandra and Bhaga, form its headwaters at an altitude of 4, m.
The united stream Chandrabhaga flows in the north-west direction through the Pangi valley, parallel to the Pir Panjal range. Near Kistwar, it cuts a deep gorge. It enters the plain area near Akhnur in Jammu and Kashmir. From here it through the plains of Pakistani Punjab to reach Panchnad where it joins the Satluj after receiving the waters of Jhelum and Ravi rivers.
It drains the area between the Pir Panjal and the Dhaola Dhar ranges. After crossing Chamba, it takes a south-westerly turn and cuts a deep gorge in the Dhaola Dhar range. It debouches into the Chenab a little above Rangpur in Pakistani Punjab.