Atlantic Ocean - Wikipedia
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. Located mostly in the Arctic north polar region in the middle of the Northern Hemisphere, the Arctic Ocean is almost completely surrounded by Eurasia and North. North Sea synonyms, North Sea pronunciation, North Sea translation, English dictionary definition of North Sea. Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. . North Scottsdale United Methodist Church; North Sea; North Sea Action Group · North Sea and Baltic Sea Coastal Information System · North Sea Benthos. The Baltic Sea is positioned in Northern Europe and bordered by Wikipedia references a surface area of , sq. km, while Baltic.
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- Caspian Sea
ByAzerbaijan was producing a record The Baku—Tbilisi—Ceyhan pipelinea major pipeline allowing Azerbaijan oil to flow straight to the Turkish Mediterranean port of Ceyhanopened in Transport[ edit ] Bakuwhich is the starting point of all sea routes of Azerbaijanis the largest port of the Caspian Sea.
Moreover, oil tankers are being transported through the Caspian Sea. The transport fleet consists of 51 vessels, including 20 tankers, 13 ferries, 15 universal dry cargo vessels, 2 Ro-Ro vessels, as well as 1 technical vessel and 1 floating workshop.
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The specialized fleet includes vessels, including 20 cranes, 25 towing and supplying vehicles, 26 passenger, two pipe-laying, six fire-fighting, seven engineering-geological, two diving and 88 auxiliary vessels. This activity has a rich history. The development of the shipping industry in Azerbaijan is closely connected with the formation and progress of the oil industry.
In the 19th century, the sharp increase in oil production in Baku gave a huge impetus to the development of shipping in the Caspian Sea, and as a result, there was a need to create fundamentally new floating facilities for the transportation of oil and oil products.
The collapse of the Soviet Union and subsequent opening of the region has led to an intense investment and development scramble by international oil companies. InDick Cheney commented that "I can't think of a time when we've had a region emerge as suddenly to become as strategically significant as the Caspian.
The current disputes along Azerbaijan's maritime borders with Turkmenistan and Iran could potentially affect future development plans. Much controversy currently exists over the proposed Trans-Caspian oil and gas pipelines.
These projects would allow Western markets easier access to Kazakh oil and, potentially, Uzbek and Turkmen gas as well. Russia officially opposes the project on environmental grounds. Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan As of [update]negotiations related to the demarcation of the Caspian Sea had been going on for nearly a decade among the states bordering the Caspian — Azerbaijan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Iran.
The status of the Caspian Sea  is the key problem. Access to mineral resources oil and natural gasaccess for fishingand access to international waters through Russia's Volga river and the canals connecting it to the Black Sea and Baltic Sea all depend upon the outcomes of negotiations.Two oceans never meet which describe on the Quran , Shiv Puran failed - ABP News Viral Sach Show
Access to the Volga River is particularly important for the landlocked states of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. This concerns Russia, because the potential traffic would use its inland waterways.
If a body of water is labelled as a seathen there would be some precedents and international treaties obliging the granting of access permits to foreign vessels. If a body of water is labelled merely as a lakethen there are no such obligations. Environmental issues are also somewhat connected to the status and borders issue.
All five Caspian littoral states maintain naval forces on the sea. The line between the two sectors was considered an international border in a common lake, like Lake Albert.
The Soviet sector was sub-divided into the four littoral republics' administrative sectors. Russia, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan have bilateral agreements with each other based on median lines. The Teutonic Order gained control over parts of the southern and eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, where they set up their monastic state.
Lithuania was the last European state to convert to Christianity. An arena of conflict[ edit ] Main trading routes of the Hanseatic League Hanse. In the period between the 8th and 14th centuries, there was much piracy in the Baltic from the coasts of Pomerania and Prussiaand the Victual Brothers even held Gotland. Starting in the 11th century, the southern and eastern shores of the Baltic were settled by migrants mainly from Germanya movement called the Ostsiedlung "east settling".
Other settlers were from the NetherlandsDenmarkand Scotland. The Polabian Slavs were gradually assimilated by the Germans.
The burning Cap Arcona shortly after the attacks, 3 May Only survived of the 4, prisoners who had been aboard In the 13th to 16th centuries, the strongest economic force in Northern Europe was the Hanseatic Leaguea federation of merchant cities around the Baltic Sea and the North Sea.
In the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, PolandDenmarkand Sweden fought wars for Dominium maris baltici "Lordship over the Baltic Sea". Eventually, it was Sweden that virtually encompassed the Baltic Sea. The goal of Swedish warfare during the 17th century was to make the Baltic Sea an all-Swedish sea Ett Svenskt innanhavsomething that was accomplished except the part between Riga in Latvia and Stettin in Pomerania.
However, the Dutch dominated Baltic trade in the seventeenth century. In the eighteenth century, Russia and Prussia became the leading powers over the sea. Sweden's defeat in the Great Northern War brought Russia to the eastern coast. Russia became and remained a dominating power in the Baltic. Russia's Peter the Great saw the strategic importance of the Baltic and decided to found his new capital, Saint Petersburgat the mouth of the Neva river at the east end of the Gulf of Finland.
There was much trading not just within the Baltic region but also with the North Sea region, especially eastern England and the Netherlands: After the unification of Germany inthe whole southern coast became German. World War I was partly fought in the Baltic Sea. Inthe Baltic Sea became a mass grave for retreating soldiers and refugees on torpedoed troop transports.
The sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff remains the worst maritime disaster in history, killing very roughly 9, people. Ina Russian group of scientists found over five thousand airplane wrecks, sunken warships, and other material, mainly from World War II, on the bottom of the sea. Government refuses to disclose the exact coordinates of the wreck sites.
Arctic Ocean - Wikipedia
Rotting bottles leak mustard gas and other substances, thus slowly poisoning a substantial part of the Baltic Sea. Afterthe German population was expelled from all areas east of the Oder-Neisse linemaking room for displaced Poles and Russians. Poland gained most of the southern shore. The Baltic states on the eastern shore were annexed by the Soviet Union.
The Baltic then separated opposing military blocs: Had war broken out, the Polish navy was prepared to invade the Danish isles. This border status restricted trade and travel.
It ended only after the collapse of the Communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe in the late s. The only remaining non-EU shore areas are Russian: