this document evaluates the relationship between ethics and law. by nana_tagoe in Law, ethics, and moral. Law, morality and ethics, Law in the community, Law and society, Commerce, such as fidelity in marriage, or the consequences of our behaviour on others. Officials, Laws, and Citizens. The Relationship between Official and Citizen. The Problem of One among Many. Relationships between Ethical and.
In general terms, ethics are practical moral standards that distinguish right from wrong, and give us a guide to living 'moral' lives. These standards might include duties that we should follow, such as fidelity in marriage, or the consequences of our behaviour on others. In more specific terms, some of the more difficult ethical questions on which a government might legislate could include issues relating to abortion, euthanasia and animal rights.
See image 1 In this sense, morality is both a foundation and an ultimate aim of society, and ethics is a practical way of discovering how to implement and preserve moral standards.
Relationship between Ethics, Morality, and the Law
The concept of 'public morality' is often used to justify the regulation of sexual matters, including pornography, prostitution and homosexuality, as well as issues of dress and nudity. This, however, is a narrower application of the idea of moral standards, and does not involve ethical issues of the same significance as morality in the more general sense.
Moral and ethical issues occur at both a local and a global level, and laws and other legal instruments have been developed at both levels to implement the moral and ethical standards of society. You might think about the ethical decisions you make when you walk down the street; decisions ranging from not harassing other pedestrians, to giving money to a homeless person.
Law, morality and ethics
In global terms, an important ethical milestone came with the post-World War II development of the doctrine of 'human rights', which was embodied at first in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and subsequently in many international conventions, treaties and laws.
The doctrine of human rights has influenced the development of Australia's legal system - for example, in the adoption of legislation such as the Anti-Discrimination Act NSW. Law can be seen as a form of 'discourse' that reflects the values and interests of a society. All legal systems are value-laden - although this is sometimes not readily understood either within the legal system or by members of the public in general. In another word, laws represent the minimum standards of human behaviors, that is, ethical behavior.
They both provide people guidelines of what may do or what may not do in certain situations. In a word, they exist in a purpose of making people benefit from being members of a well-regulated society. Differences between ethics and laws: However, there are many distinctions between ethics and laws.
To some extent, ethics is not well defined but laws are defined and precise. Ethics can also be distinguished by looking at whether people are being punished after they violate the rules. Nobody will be punished when they violate ethics; but whoever violates laws is going to receive punishment carried out by relevant authorities.
Besides, an action can be illegal, but morally right. For example, in ancient China, some people rob properties from rich people, and give it to poor people, and it is considered to be morally right but be illegal.
Similarly, an action that is legal can be morally wrong.