Start studying Study Cards for Sun, Earth and Moon Relationship Test. Learn vocabulary, terms What moon phase(s) occur during a spring tide? Full moon. During a solar eclipse, what does the Moon cast a shadow on? What is the relationship between the Moon's revolution and its rotation (sidereal month)?; Name. Quiz Pages Earth, Moon & Sun Relationships Quiz The moon phases only allow one side to be seen at all times. B. There are low tides do to the sun, earth and moon being at right angles to each other. C.
So this number is roughly times larger than that number. And this number is roughly times larger than that number. But what's neat is, and this depends on where earth is in its orbit, but this is approximately equal to This gives me goosebumps whenever I think about it because it didn't have to be this way.
That the moon and the sun, even though they have these vastly different diameters, that they look roughly the same size in the sky because the ratio of the distances is comparable to the ratios of their diameters. And this is why the number is actually an auspicious number in some cultures, especially in Hinduism. Now, when you're discussing the moon and especially the moon as viewed from earth, one of the obvious questions is why does the moon go through phases? Why do we see different portions of the moon lit up from day to day?
This right over here is a diagram from NASA's website. And what you see here, clearly this is not at scale. This picture over here, this inner picture, the size of the moon and the earth is roughly at scale, but clearly the distances between them are not.
You don't see thatmiles between them. In this inner circle, what you see is that the moon and the earth is always lit up from the right.
Intro to Moon phases (video) | Khan Academy
So, it's assuming that the sun is 93 million miles in that direction. And it is lighting up both the earth and the moon from the right.
Now, as the moon rotates around the earth in its 28 day cycle, and if you're wondering, gee a 28 day cycle seems awfully close to a month, that is not a coincidence. The notion of a month comes from the cycles of the moon.
Earth, Moon & Sun Relationships Quiz - ProProfs Quiz
In fact, even the word month and the word moon have the exact same root in old English. And in proto Germanic. They are essentially the same word. But what you see is the moon goes in this 28 day cycle, when the moon is roughly between the earth and the sun, the lit up half of the moon is away from what we can see here on earth.
And so, we see the non lit up side which would be a new moon. Now, as the moon goes, this is viewing from above the earth, this would be the North Pole right over here, as it goes counter clockwise as viewed from above the earth, we start to be able to see a little bit of that half of the moon that gets lit up.
So, when the moon is in this position, we see, us from earth, from this vantage point, we're able to see a little bit of the lit up side. The side of the moon that we can see from the Earth is not lit from the sun.
The position of the sun, earth and moon during a new moon phase is Sun, Moon then Earth.
Intro to Moon phases
The moon is between the Earth and the sun causing the side of the moon facing the sun to block the sunlight from the other side of the moon the side we see on Earth. Sun Moon Earth 20 What does waxing mean? The lighted part of the moon starts to grow from right to left Jack 21 What does waning mean? The lighted part of the moon starts to shrink from right to left Jill b.
Or the shadow on the moon starts to grow from right to left 22 Draw a diagram of the Sun, Earth and Moons for all the moon phases.
Shade in the phase and label it. Label each solstice and equinox and write the date they occur on. Sun Moon Earth In the penumbra there would be a partial eclipse and in the umbra there would be a total eclipse.
Sun Earth Moon In the penumbra there would be a partial eclipse and in the umbra there would be a total eclipse. There is more daylight at the Equator than at the North Pole 26 If the last high tide was at 4: Draw and explain With the light stationary, if the object is closer to the light source, the shadow is smaller.
If the object is farther away, the object is larger. Larger Smaller 29 What type of material makes the best shadows? Transparent, Translucent, or Opaque Opaque 30 How many objects, at minimum, are needed to create a shadow? Using the figurine and the light, record how the shadows change sizes. Earth s axis is pointed away from the sun Summer: Earth s axis is pointed toward the sun The tilt of the Earth on its axis creates seasons.
When the northern hemisphere is pointed toward the sun we are experiences summer but that causes the southern hemisphere to be pointed away from the sun, which creates winter and vise versa.