Mobility and spatial dynamics an uneasy relationship

Publications | Group A - Cities and Spatial Dynamics

It is suggested that mobility cannot be considered in isolation and that a greater awareness and understanding of the relationship between spatial dynamics and . It is suggested that mobility cannot be considered in isolation and that a greater awareness and understanding of the relationship between spatial dynamics and . This mobility crisis has posed a serious challenge to transport planners .. P. and Banister, D. () Mobility and spatial dynamics: an uneasy relationship.

This suggests that residential expansion was stimu- tial—temporal relationship between urban growth and transporta- lated by transportation infrastructure. In contrast, the road area tion Eqs. Table 6 and Fig. Transportation infrastructure expansion between and Road area density index RADI between and The urban trip density in relation to population increased from 0.

The increase in urban trips overlaps with the population growth rates from toas The urban trip density index UTDI was developed to investi- well as from to Table 7 and Fig.

This result suggests gate the relationship between spatial—temporal urban growth a mutual relationship between urban population growth and and transportation Eqs. Total urban trips were made transportation. Table 7 and m2 in to 0. The average number of kilometers a car traveled per m2 of roads increased dramatically, from 0.

Urban trip density index UTDI between and Conversely, public transportation and other modes of transportation, have decreased, respectively. This, then, indicates a relationship between travel mode and spatial expansion: Discussion In Jeddah, spatial expansion and changes of land use seem to be catalyzed by the transportation infrastructure, whereby population growth has affected travel demand over time.

The relationship be- tween urban growth and transportation has been further investi- gated by relating urban growth and transportation development indicators population growth, urban spatial expansion, residential area growth and transportation infrastructure expansion Fig. In relating population growth and transportation infrastructure expansion, three main gaps were clearly distinguished Fig. Percentage of daily trips share of different transportation modes between tation infrastructure expansion abruptly stopped, while population and The urban trip density population, with only minor expansion of the transportation increased remarkably from 0.

Modal split change index MDCI between and Relationship between transportation infrastructure and urban growth between and This increase was accompanied by an eco- opment.

Afterthe transportation infrastructure expanded nomic growth that increased general car ownership: Consequently, the number triggered by the expansion of transportation infrastructure.

As a re- road travel km per m2 noticeably increased. IBI,the average speed has been reduced on the highways Fig. For example, shares of daily trips in area. Bythe transportation infrastructure expansion rate in- non-car transportation modes have decreased dramatically. Daily creased, while the residential area growth rate decreased.

These trips in public transportation have also decreased: RDI has steadily increased when greater accessibility was pro- sion of Jeddah city, as the compactness of the city has changed tra- vided to different land uses, including residential areas. Policies, then, directed at road infrastruc- effects of spatial expansion on travel mode changes, we must not ture provision help achieve a greater accessibility to different land undermine the importance of previous urban development and uses.

At the same time, in the long run, an increase in travel transportation policies in Jeddah, which encouraged car use and demand will also increase congestion. To avoid this, other trans- created land subdivisions and an arterial gridiron pattern of street portation policies must be considered. Current situation and future expectations, OctoberRiyadh. US Geological Survey sion, land use changes and transportation infrastructure expansion Professional PaperWashington.

Analysis of urban growth and sprawl from remote sensing data. Different driving forces Heidelberg: Quantifying the degree-of- the economy, population and transportation infrastructure, as well freedom, degree-of-sprawl, and degree-of-goodness of urban growth from remote sensing data. Applied Geography, 30 196— Fast rail networks and socio economic impacts. Two types of urban growth can be distinguished in Jed- Batty, P. International Regional Science Review, 23 2— The developed indicators suggest a relationship between urban Cervero, R.

Road expansion, urban growth, and induced travel: A path growth and transportation, as the growth in transportation infra- analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association, 69 2— In contrast, Daghistani, A. A case study in planning implementation. University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Exploring spatial data fected by transportation infrastructure expansion. As the growth in uncertainties in land use change scenarios. International Journal of Geographical population implies an increase in daily trips and travel demand, ur- Information Science, 22 9— Evaluating the temporal and spatial ban congestion has also increased.

Additionally, the enormous spa- urban expansion patterns of Guangzhou from to by remote sensing tial expansion has caused dramatic changes in the daily share of and GIS methods.

Mobility and spatial dynamics: an uneasy relationship

International Journal of Geographical Information Science, travel modes, with research showing that disparities exist in the 23 11— Applying remote sensing and GIS on monitoring and measuring urban relationship between urban growth and transport. A case study of China. Jeddah public transportation study. Ministry of contributing to the problems mentioned. A more integrated and Transportation. Monitoring and modeling of urban sprawl holistic approach on urban development and mobility is needed using remote sensing and GIS techniques.

International Journal of Applied Earth to address these urban spatial problems. Observation and Geoinformation, 10 126— The developed indicators in this study quantify and analyze the Jeddah Municipality Jeddah spatial and temporal relationship between urban growth and Municipality. Saudi transportation, bridging the knowledge gap between these two ur- Arabia: Moreover, the results of this study provide a rich Jeddah Municipality Jeddah transportation urgent plan.

Okaz Daily, understanding of the relationships between urban growth and Electronic version. Cooperative interpretation of land use. The realities of integrating physical planning and local transportation, they also provide a limited explanation of the reci- management into urban development: A case study of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Habitat International, 32 4— Therefore, further research should employ statistical analysis, spa- Meyer, M. Urban transportation planning 2nd ed.

Urban growth, travel practices and evolution of road safety. Additionally, inclusion of Journal of Transportation Geography, 12 3— Jeddah action master plans: Urban growth along motorways in Switzerland.

Landscape and Urban Planning, 98 13— Patterns of federal urban spending: Central cities and their suburbs, — Urban Affairs Review, 31 2— Mobility and spatial dynamics: Journal of Transportation Geography, 9 3— Analysis of spatio- with the satellite images and aerial photos used in this study. Cities, 22 6— Urban ity for providing the secondary data. Finally, the editor and review- indicators worksheet Vol.

Centre for Human Settlements, United Nations.

6. Overview of the Results - Interim Report for the Quality Assessment of Research

System dynamics model of urban transportation system and its application. Journal of Transportation Systems Engineering and the editing process. Kyklos, 57 1 Qualitative and Quantitative approaches. Valutazione e Pianificazione per la Gestione dei Processi Insediativi. Airport Economics and Policy: Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Residential mobility and commuting. Journal of Policy Modelling, 22 7 European Journal of Operational Research, Quality of hub-and-spoke networks; the effects of time-table coordination on waiting time and rescheduling time.

Journal of Air Transport Management, 7, 4 Coping with unreliability in public transport chains: Transportation Research, 35 6 Spatial graduation of fuel taxes: Transportation Research, 35 5 The realities of using 'benefit transfers' in transport decision-making. International Journal of Transport Economics28 1 Public transport strikes and traveller behaviour.

Transport Policy, 8, Pathways to urban sustainability. Journal of environmental policy and planning, 3, Indian Journal of Regional Science, 33 2 A general misspecification test for spatial regression models: Journal of Regional Science, 41 2 Gaat de stad op zijn retour? Tijdschrift Vervoerswetenschap, 06, Perspectieven van ruimtelijk investeren.

Beleidsanalyse, 3 4 Comparison, synthesis and outlook of spatial energy and transport research in Europe: A Case Study on Amsterdam-North. Journal of Economic and Social Geography, 92 2 Are entrepreneurs' forecasts of economic indicators biased? Regional Development Dialogue, 13 1 Energy saving by firms: Energy Economics, 23 6 Knowledge spill-overs, innovations and regional development: Papers in regional Science, 80 3 Macroeconomic consequences of outsourcing: De Economist, 1 Unemployment, growth and trade unions.

The regional economic impact of an airport: Regional Studies, 35 7 Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 35 1 Benefits and costs of transport: Papers in regional Science, 80 2 Hub premiums in European civil aviation. Comparative research on spatial quality in Europe: Critical success factors for offshore airports A comparative evaluation.

Journal of Air Transport Management, 7, Driving forces and threats for sustainable transport.

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Built Environment, 26 3 Ruim baan voor verkeersen vervoersonderzoek. Tijdschrift voor Vervoerswetenschap, Spatial environmental evaluation of alternative EU agricultural scenarios for Mediterranean countries. Journal of Environmental Systems28 1 The city in the information and communication technology age: A comparative study on path dependency. International journal of technology, policy and management, 1 1 Transboundary environmental problems in the European Union: Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 24 4 Transport growth and pricing of mobility.

European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 1 1. A note on airline alliances. Journal of Air Transport Management, 7 1 Airport and airline choice in a multiple airport system: Regional Studies, 35 1 Relative efficiency of European airports. Transport Policy, 8 1 Mobility and spatial dynamics: Journal of Transport Geography9 3 Reggiani, A, Nijkamp, P. New advances in spatial network modelling: Het afronden van reistijden in mobiliteitsenquetes.

Waarom vertrektijden vaker worden afgerond dan aankomsttijden. Tijdschrift Vervoerswetenschap, 3 11 Experiences in The Netherlands. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 1 1 ,