An Outpost of Progress by Joseph Conrad
Their relationship to Kayerts and Carlier suddenly changes when the slave research papers science Outpost of Progress Analysis Joseph Conrad. quiz, and . Use it to prep for your next quiz! Kayerts and Carlier walked arm in arm, drawing close to one another as children do in the . soon as it became quite clear to him that there was nothing more to squeeze out of his relations. Note that in order to characterize the relationship between the speaker and the swamp, you must Take a practice multiple choice quiz on "One Art" by Elizabeth Bishop. 3. Characterize Gobila, Makola, Kayerts, Carlier and the Director.
The other two were the bedrooms for the white men, Each had a bedstead and a mosquito net for all furniture. The plank floor was littered with the belongings of the white men: There was also another dwelling-place some distance away from the buildings.
A close reading 1. It is their assistant Makola who really does all the work and determines what goes on, whilst they are hopelessly incompetent. The two names Kayerts and Carlier suggest that the story is set in the Belgian Congo.
An Outpost of Progress
Kayerts is a Flemish name, and Carlier is French, these being the two linguistic groups which comprise Belgium. The physical description of the two men emphasises their difference in the manner of comic music-hall double acts of the Laurel and Hardy, Little and Large variety.
He is also a skilled clerk. Thus he has absorbed European culture, in contrast to the two Europeans who are completely incapable of absorbing his. Yet he still worships evil spirits. In other words, he has a foot in both cultures. This is why she understands what the slave traders are saying later in the story.
It tells us that Makola keeps his feelings and his motivation well hidden. Such details contribute to the reason why Africa in a moral sense defeats the two Europeans in the story. The exchange is therefore unfair, and the Africans are being cheated. The mosquito nets would be important, because the two men are close to the equator, and therefore a long way away from their European homeland. Moreover, the previous chief of the trading post has died of fever.
The two men do not know how to look after themselves. For this place is the grave of the first station chief. Africa has already killed off one representative of Europe when the story opens — and it will claim two more before it ends.
I found there a different moral attitude.
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I seemed able to capture new reactions, new suggestions, and even new rhythms for my paragraphs. It is certainly true that from the late years of the nineteenth century onwards, Conrad developed his very idiosyncratic prose style — one which many people find difficult to follow.
His sentences become longer and longer; he uses a rich and sometimes abstract vocabulary; he is much given to quasi-philosophic intrusions into his own narrative; and in some of his novels he uses multiple narrators and a radically fractured chronology of events. What follow are a series of notes on his style, based on a further passage from An Outpost of Progress.
The two men watched the steamer round the bend, then, ascending arm in arm the slope of the bank, returned to the station. They had been in this vast and dark country only a very short time, and as yet always in the midst of other white men, under the eye and guidance of their superiors. And now, dull as they were to the subtle influences of surroundings, they felt themselves very much alone, when suddenly left unassisted to face the wilderness; a wilderness rendered more strange, more incomprehensible by the mysterious glimpses of the vigorous life it contained.
They were two perfectly insignificant and incapable individuals, whose existence is only rendered possible through the high organisation of civilised crowds. Few men realise that their life, the very essence of their character, their capabilities and audacities, are only the expression of their belief in the safety of their surroundings.
The courage, the composure, the confidence; the emotions and principles; every great and every insignificant thought belongs not to the individual but to the crowd: He had charge of a small clay storehouse with a dried-grass roof, and pretended to keep a correct account of beads, cotton cloth, red kerchiefs, brass wire, and other trade goods it contained.
It was built neatly of reeds, with a verandah on all the four sides.
Joseph Conrad close reading - a tutorial and study guide
There were three rooms in it. The one in the middle was the living-room, and had two rough tables and a few stools in it. The other two were the bedrooms for the white men.
Each had a bedstead and a mosquito net for all furniture. The plank floor was littered with the belongings of the white men; open half-empty boxes, torn wearing apparel, old boots; all the things dirty, and all the things broken, that accumulate mysteriously round untidy men.
There was also another dwelling-place some distance away from the buildings. In it, under a tall cross much out of the perpendicular, slept the man who had seen the beginning of all this; who had planned and had watched the construction of this outpost of progress.
It is their African assistant Makola who really determines what goes on, whilst they are hopelessly incompetent. Carlier is a French name, Kayerts is Flemish, and these are the two linguistic groups which comprise Belgium. The physical descriptions contrast the two men in a way that makes them slightly ridiculous, rather like the fat and thin man of comedy stereotypes.
He is also a skilled clerk. Thus he has absorbed European culture, in contrast to the two Europeans, who are completely incapable of absorbing his culture. Yet he still worships evil spirits. He has a foot in both cultures. Such details contribute to why Africa in a moral sense defeats Europe in the story. They are being traded for ivory, which is a precious commodity in Europe.
The Africans are therefore being cheated by the Europeans. In other words, the Europeans have the better accommodation. The furniture is sparse, but the two men have a room each. The mosquito net would be very important: Notice how the two men do not know how to look after themselves.
And how inappropriate some of those goods are: What he is referring to is the grave of the first station chief who has died of fever.