Reflection Industrialization & Modernization in Poems • Name life Unexcitement in society Artificial relationship Urbanization and. The industrial Revolution, starting in late 18th century, had a significant urbanizing effect. Industrialization is the basic driving force of urbanization and. But by the time that Romanticism arose in Britain, the industrial revolution place the city as the setting for their poems, thus creating urban poetry; poets like.
With the invention of the factory, cities and populations were growing at an exponential rate. There was a mass influx of people moving into the cities to find jobs because individual craftsmanship was being killed by mass production in the factories.
There was a need for workers to fill the job positions in the factories; and these jobs underpaid its workers. This resulted in more people than there was housing. People were crammed into dirty, small homes in the middle of a filthy city full of pollution. Because of the Industrial Revolution, people were no longer living in nature, but in urban cesspools.
In response to the urbanization and industrialism occurring in Great Britain, many poets published works influenced by and in direct criticism of the Industrial Revolution. Shelley himself said poets are influenced by the historical and social context of their time.
Many of their poems focus on the true beauty and simplicity of nature. The wind, a symbol of nature and its changing seasons, brings life wherever it goes. The revolution, with its poor standard of living, abuse of children, and destruction of nature, brings death wherever it goes. The simple beauty of nature brings the greatest joy. True beauty lies in the simplicity, as opposed to the cramped, ever changing pace of urbanization. The children are saved from the arduous work as chimneysweepers by an angel, who takes them to a beautiful green meadow.
This shows nature as being the only escape from the unavoidable death that the Industrial Revolution brings. Without it we would not have progressed forward as a culture. There were many pros that came with the urbanization of Great Britain. This included technological advancements, population growth, and cultural and social shifts. But there were also cons; such as, high mortality rates for factory workers, inhumane treatment of children, poor living conditions for those at the lowest level of society, and the drawing away form nature, simplicity, and the sublime due to the focus on urbanization.
The pursuit of social and economic progress for many people was not worth the suffering of the many. They published beautiful critiques on urbanization and verses to recall people back to the simplicity they found in nature.
Literary writers responded the situation through literary work. Thus, during the eighteenth century literature has grown massively.
The effect of industrial revolution has brought a new spirit to the age. There are several distinctive changes between the works during this era and the era before. The major changes of the literary work of this era are in themes and language. Changes in Themes Literary works in the 17th century emphasize on the moral values, politics, religion, and individual experience.
However, as industrial revolution emerged in England, the themes of the literary works are varied. The major themes are social issues, nature, technology, and imagination. Literary writers of this era mostly concerned about the social issues which rise as the impact of industrialization and urbanization. Industrial revolution has made thousands of people moved from village to big cities to work in factories. It created a new social class, the working class.
They had to worked in a long hours with low wage. The employers also hired woman and child labors to run their business which can be paid under the minimum wage of male worker. The working class people lived in a poor condition of slum which scattered everywhere in the cities.
To respond to this condition, William Blake wrote a poem entitled The Chimney Sweepers which portrays the misery of a child labor. Furthermore, Charles Dickens who had a big concern on the social issues criticized the situation through his novel, Hard Time. The novel tells about the poverty and the harsh life of the working class. The other common theme during this era is nature.
Industrial revolution transformed the environment significantly. Small towns developed into big cities; pollution from factories contaminated the land, air, and water; railroad lines, viaducts, and canals appeared in the countryside.
The beauty of the nature was destroyed by mechanical devices. People were longing for the scenic atmosphere of the nature. They appreciated nature more. Hence, the writers brought back the beauty of the nature into their works. Another theme of the literary works during era is technology. The invention of new technology has inspired writers to write imaginative possibility of the use of science and machine in life.
Romanticism and Urbanization
Jules Verne wrote The Time Machine, exploring the possibility of human being travel through time. With the same spirit, Mary Shelly wrote Frankenstein, a novel which depicts a possibility that man can be created by science. Changes in Language Literary works before eighteenth century were considered as divine works of arts. Most of the works were written by the aristocracy. The popular form was poetry; therefore, the structure, the use of metaphor, rhyme, rhythm, meter, and the word choice were important.
In the seventeenth century, there was a literary stream which is called metaphysic. The metaphysical writers used high metaphor, symbolism, and difficult words which make the works are difficult to understand.