Treaty of Versailles | Definition, Summary, Terms, & Facts | misjon.info
and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes. In general, the big difference is that Wilson's 14 Points were all about being kind to other But the Treaty of Versailles was really meant to punish Germany in a lot of ways. The Versailles Treaty was the name of the treaty that officially ended World War II. President Woodrow Wilson wanted the 14 points to be in the. Explore how the Treaty of Versailles divided the Allies at the end of World War One. Wilson's Fourteen Points first reached Germany, the American peace . World War One and the issues dominating the peace conference.
The Polish question The establishment of an independent Poland with access to the sea. Wilson's final point was perhaps the most visionary: A general association of nations Point 14 called for a multilateral international association of nations to enforce the peace, foreshadowing the League of Nations and, after the Second World Warthe United Nations.
Impact The speech contained the highest ideals, reforming foreign policy on moral and ethical grounds, rather than pure self-interest. It was widely disseminated as an instrument of propagandato encourage the Allies to victory.
Fourteen Points - New World Encyclopedia
Copies were also dropped behind German lines, to encourage the Central Powers to surrender in the expectation of a just settlement. Indeed, a note sent to Wilson by Prince Maximilian of Baden, the Chancellor of Germany, in October requested an immediate armistice and peace negotiations on the basis of the Fourteen Points. The speech was made without prior coordination or consultation with Wilson's counterparts in Europe.
As the only public statement of war aims, it became the basis for the terms of the German surrender at the end of the First World War, as negotiated at the Paris Peace Conference in and documented in the Treaty of Versailles. Opposition to the Fourteen Points among British and French leaders became clear after hostilities ceased. French response France had suffered very heavy casualties during the war some 1. Much of the war had been fought on French soil, so French Prime Minister Clemenceau's government wanted punitive reparations to both punish Germany and rebuild France.
France wanted to be given control of many of Germany's factories. Coal from the Ruhr industrial region was transported to France by train.
THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES & WILSON`S 14 POINTS
Clemenceau also wanted to protect secret treaties and impose naval blockades around Germany so that France could control trade imported to and exported from the defeated country. Territorially, France felt that Germany should be punished.Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points I THE GREAT WAR WEEK 181
They demanded the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France, but also the demilitarization of the Rhineland to act as a buffer zone against future attacks. British response The British public wanted to punish Germany in a similar fashion to the French for her apparent sole responsibility for the outbreak of the war, and had been promised such a treaty in the election that Lloyd George had won.
Lastly, like Clemenceau, he supported upholding secret treaties and the idea of a naval blockade. Article X of the League of Nations required the United States to respect the territorial integrity of member states. Although there was no requirement compelling an American declaration of war, the United States might be bound to impose an economic embargo or to sever diplomatic relations.
Lodge viewed the League as a supranational government that would limit the power of the American government from determining its own affairs. Others believed the League was the sort of entangling alliance the United States had avoided since George Washington's Farewell Address. He attached reservations, or amendments, to the treaty to this effect.
Wilson, bedridden from a debilitating stroke, was unable to accept these changes. He asked Senate Democrats to vote against the Treaty of Versailles unless the Lodge reservations were dropped. Neither side budged, and the treaty went down to defeat. Personal enmity between Wilson and Lodge played a part.
- Relationship between Treaty of Versailles, 14 points, and League of Nations?
- Versailles and Peacemaking
- THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES & WILSON`S 14 POINTS
Wilson might have prudently invited a prominent Republican to accompany him to Paris to help ensure its later passage. Wilson's fading health eliminated the possibility of making a strong personal appeal on behalf of the treaty.
Significance and fate of Woodrow Wilson’s 14 point agreement at the Versailles peace conference
Ethnic groups in the United States helped its defeat. The Big Four, especially Clemenceau, wanted to make sure that Germany would never again pose a military threat to the rest of Europe, and the treaty contained a number of stipulations to guarantee this aim.
The German army was restricted tomen; the general staff was eliminated; the manufacture of armoured cars, tanks, submarines, airplanes, and poison gas was forbidden; and only a small number of specified factories could make weapons or munitions. All of Germany west of the Rhine and up to 30 miles 50 km east of it was to be a demilitarized zone. The forced disarmament of Germany, it was hoped, would be accompanied by voluntary disarmament in other nations.
Economic sanctions would be applied against any member who resorted to war.
The league was to supervise mandated territories, the occupied Saar Basin, and Danzig and to formulate plans for reducing armaments. Numerous concessions were made to Germany before the rise of Adolf Hitlerand by only the territorial settlement articles remained.