Etruscan Culture, Religion, and Art
Etruscan culture, religion,and art: a violent society produced beautiful art, to the Etruscans a personal relationship between an individual and "a supreme God". Etruscan civilization of Ancient Italy, its debt to the Greeks and its influence to the blossoming of strong trading relations between the peoples of the area Early Rome was deeply influenced by Etruscan culture (the word “Rome” is Etruscan). The Greek heroes taken from Homer also appear extensively in Etruscan art. The Etruscan people were contemporaries of the Greeks and had a strong trading relationship with them. The Etruscan art and culture was.
While the technique may be Greek, Etruscans introduced their own shapes into the art, making it no challenge to tell apart a Greek from an Etruscan pot. Additionally, more un-Greek scenes appear, such as the mauling of a blindfolded man by a dog, and the occurrence of elaborate gold jewelry, which has more in common with the Celtic Le Tene culture, than with Hellenistic artwork.
But it is the women in Etruscan art that make it really unique from Greece. Etruscan Feminine Form In both Greek and Roman societies even the highest bred women were subject to a greatly diminished status, both domestically and within the state.
- The strange world of Etruscan art, culture, language, and religion.
- Etruscan and Roman Art
- The Etruscans
Whilst we have little to tell us of the official role of women in Etruscan society, we can see through the artwork that they enjoyed a much more even social status. Heurgon, Daily Life of the Etruscans. There are several wall paintings of feasts and banquet scenes that feature both men and women enjoying their meals together.
The Greeks, rather unreasonably and rudely, used this as evidence that Etruscan women were all drunkards and promiscuous. This domestic interaction between the sexes is something that is seen nowhere in Greek art.
The Etruscans, an introduction
Women are either interacting between themselves, performing sexual acts, entertaining, working or taking part in a festival in Greece. These domestic scenes, therefore, would be wholly bizarre and unnatural to the Greeks. Etruscan sarcophagus from Cerveteri c.
Terra cotta, length 2 m.
Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome. This is supported in the grave markers, where the sculptures of a man and wife lie in peace together.
Etruscan civilization of Ancient Italy, and its influence on early Rome
This is particularly ironic as it was the Etruscans who were responsible for teaching the Romans the alphabet and for spreading literacy throughout the Italian peninsula. Phersu and his victim, Tomb of the Augurs, late 6th century B. Etruscan hut urn c. Trading of the many natural mineral resources found in Tuscany, the center of ancient Etruria, caused them to bump up against Greeks, Phoenicians and Egyptians in the Mediterranean.
With these other Mediterranean cultures, they exchanged goods, ideas and, often, a shared artistic vocabulary. Unlike with the Greeks, however, the majority of our knowledge about Etruscan art comes largely from their burials.
Since most Etruscan cities are still inhabited, they hide their Etruscan art and architecture under Roman, Medieval and Renaissance layers. Fortunately, though, the Etruscans cared very much about equipping their dead with everything necessary for the afterlife—from lively tomb paintings to sculpture to pottery that they could use in the next world. Not coincidentally, it shows us in miniature form what a typical Etruscan house would have looked like in Iron Age Etruria B.
More opulent tombs Later on, houses for the dead became much more elaborate.The Etruscans: LOST ANCIENT CIVILIZATION - New Ancient Documentary 2015 HD
During the Orientalizing period BCEwhen the Etruscans began to trade their natural resources with other Mediterranean cultures and became staggeringly wealthy as a result, their tombs became more and more opulent.