Carstairs Considers Movie Review: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde ()
Mr. Hyde allows Jekyll to shed all restraint and “spring headlong into the sea of liberty.” Late one night, near the end of Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray, Dorian .. found himself convicted of crimes and publically vilified for his relationships with men. .. Oxford University Press: New York, Movie Review: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (). Stars: 1 out of 5. Pros: It wasn't a miniseries. Cons: Nothing works right in this film. The Bottom. Jul-Sep; 50(3): – R. L. Stevenson's novel, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a prominent example of Victorian fiction. These two forces are at constant war and only at the end will good finally vanquish evil.
He is well known for his dark and sinister tales like Markheim, Thrawn Janet, and racy adventure novels such as Treasure Island and Kidnapped. Successful and famous, he died at a young age in Hyde was revealed to him in a dream.
- The beast within
- Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
- A study in dualism: The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Hyde deals with a Dr. Henry Jekyll who is widely respected, successful, and possesses a brilliant intellect but is only too aware of the duplicity of the life that he leads, and of the evil that resides within him. Jekyll covertly provides utterance to the evil in his soul by various unspeakable acts, but is afraid of doing so openly because of the fear of social criticism. In the course of his experiments, he succeeds in producing a concoction that enables him to free this evil in him from the control of his good self, thus giving rise to Edward Hyde.
Edward Hyde is pure evil and amoral. Not only is his psyche different from Dr. Jekyll but also his body is grotesque and deformed. Jekyll thinks that he can receive the pleasure that both parts of his being crave without each being encumbered by the demands of the other. Hyde evokes feelings of dread and abhorrence in Dr. Jekyll to his doom.
Here, the good and the evil are often derived from the same source or from one another, much like the Pandavas and Kauravas in the Mahabharata. Zoroastrianism is often cited as an example of a dualistic religion where the concentration of all that is good is around Ahura Mazda, and all that is evil around Ahra Mainyu.
These two forces are at constant war and only at the end will good finally vanquish evil. Interestingly, Christianity, the religion Stevenson was born into, rejects dualism and preaches a monistic origin to the universe from one, infinite, and self-existing spiritual being who freely created everything. However, the dualism of the human soul and the body which it animates was made clearer and is emphasized by the church.
In the same vein, Christianity holds that evil is the necessary limitation of finite created beings and is a consequence of creation of beings possessed by free will.Strange Case of Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde 1968
As an imperfection inherent in the manufacturing process of individuals, evil is tolerated by God. Jekyll, who aware of the evil in his own being, and sick of the duplicity in his life, succeeds by way of his experiments on himself in freeing the pure evil part of his being as Mr.
Hyde, so that each can indulge in a life unfettered by the demands of the other. Here, good and evil are not related but are two independent entities, individuals even, different in mental and physical attributes and constantly at war with each other. Evil now does not require the existence of good to justify itself but it exists simply as itself, depicted as being the more powerful, the more enjoyable of the two, and in the end ultimately it is the one that leads to Dr. Jekyll's downfall and death.
This is because Dr. Jekyll in the last phases of his lucidity recognizes the danger that Mr. The semantic network surrounding Hyde is by turns demonic, animalistic, and criminal.
Robert Louis Stevenson film versions of Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde
As a product of degenerative evolution, Hyde is an example of primeval humanity, a living reminder of the evolutionary process and therefore a threat to notions of civility and cultural development. Recognising this, the other characters in the novella would seek to destroy him. Developments in thinking about psychology at this time seemed to be making the private much more public, and as such the affectations adopted by the cultured were becoming destabilised as a distinguishing feature between classes.
In addition to this, contemporary evolutionist Francis Galton, was becoming well known for his study of the faces of criminals. His goal being to try and identify specifically criminal characteristics. The implications of this kind of study for society would have been serious; the mask of civility would no longer be a viable disguise. Science and Religion The relationship between science and religion in Jekyll and Hyde is highly antagonistic; science and philosophy were becoming the new religion for a wide section of contemporary society.
Stevenson represents this through the near absence of religion in the novella. Religious considerations are made apparent in a habitual rather than an active sense. A man of science, Dr. Lanyon, in the face of such abomination, reverts to older modes of viewing and explaining the world. He has begun to lose himself to his baser instincts and resolves to attempt to put an end to Hyde, ridding society of the danger he poses and as a result ending his own life.
For Jekyll, the realisation of the consequences of abandoning faith for reason comes too late. Stevenson, Wilde and Wells, Basingstoke: The most popular allegorical reading in our own day suggests that, although the action is set in Soho, the atmosphere is really that of Edinburgh, capital of Scotland and RLS's birthplace. In this view, the moral focus of the story is the Scottish character, burdened by dual nationality Scottish and Britishcaught between two tongues Scots and Englishits instinctive spontaneity repressed by a Calvinistic church - the very church that once came between Stevenson and his father, and caused a split in the family.
Edinburgh is a city starkly divided into two: In Glasgow, where I grew up, the common perception of Edinburgh was of a cloudy inner life old town shielded by a genteel exterior New Town.
It was - how could you avoid saying so? The reclaiming of Stevenson's most famous work as a Scottish fable has a modern feel to it in this era of aspirationally independent Scotland, but it was suggested as early as by an American, Clayton Hamilton, who believed that the story might be "conceived as happening among the gloomy doorways and narrow wynds of the Scottish capital".
GK Chesterton went further, stating that "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde", though "presented as happening in London", was "very unmistakably happening in Edinburgh" - which is plausible, but unmistakably not the case.
If Stevenson had wanted to set his story in Edinburgh, rather than the streets of Soho, he could have done so; if he had intended it to be read as a Scottish story, he would have made it one.
The Robert Louis Stevenson Archive
After all, he had written plenty of others. He had even written an early study of the split personality in the form of a play, Deacon Brodie or the Double Life, in collaboration with his friend WE Henley. It is based on the career of William Brodie, who lived in Edinburgh's old town in the late 18th century, and was one of its more colourful criminals.
In Stevenson and Henley's play, Brodie is a respectable cabinet-maker and deacon of the Incorporation of Wrights and Masons by day.
Doppelgänger: A psychological analysis of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
At night he dons a mask and burgles the houses of well-to-do Edinburgh citizens. Inthe deacon was caught and hanged on a scaffold that had been designed according to his own technical specifications. It is, of course, possible to think of "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" as a study of the Scottish character - or of any of the other topics mentioned. All are reasonable suggestions, and most can be supported to some extent by textual evidence.
The author himself not necessarily the most reliable guide stated that the central problem was Jekyll's hypocrisy. In his letter to the New York Sun on the subject of Mansfield's sexual interpretation, he wrote that it was Jekyll's "selfishness and cowardice" that had let out the beast Hyde, "not this poor wish to have a woman".
Above all, however, Stevenson was against simplicity. He might have agreed with Fanny that his original attempt had "missed the allegory", but he did not wish to have the allegory rigidly defined.
As Stevenson's friend the poet and folklorist Andrew Lang recalled: